AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 41–51

Revisiting “Success”: Posttrial Analysis of a Gender-Specific HIV/STD Prevention Intervention

  • Shari L. Dworkin
  • Theresa Exner
  • Rita Melendez
  • Susie Hoffman
  • Anke A. Ehrhardt
Intervention Research

Alongside the recognized need to foster the development of innovative gender-specific HIV interventions, researchers face the urgent need to further understand how current interventions do or do not work. Few studies build posttrial qualitative analysis into standardized interview assessments in randomized controlled trials in order to bolster an assessment of how interventions work. The current investigation is a posttrial qualitative analysis carried out on a randomly selected subsample (N=180), representing 50% of women who participated in a 3-arm randomized controlled trial known as Project FIO (The Future Is Ours). FIO was a gender-specific HIV prevention intervention carried out with heterosexually active women in a high seroprevalence area of New York City. Posttrial qualitative results extend an understanding of the success of the trial (e.g., reductions in unsafe sex). Qualitative results reflect how the Modified AIDS Risk Reduction Model operated in the expected direction across experimental groups. Results also highlight women's empowerment narratives, reflecting the salience of bodily and sexual rights aspects of the intervention.


Gender-specific HIV interventions posttrial analysis intervention impact methodological triangulation qualitative methods 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shari L. Dworkin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Theresa Exner
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rita Melendez
    • 4
  • Susie Hoffman
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Anke A. Ehrhardt
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral StudiesNew York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology, Joseph L. Mailman School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.National Sexuality Resource CenterSan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA
  5. 5.HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral StudiesNew York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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