Advertisement

Agriculture and Human Values

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 93–105 | Cite as

Exploring the social bases of home gardening

  • Justin L. SchuppEmail author
  • Jeff S. Sharp
Article

Abstract

The study of alternatives to conventional industrial agricultural production has intensified in recent years. While many types of alternative production systems, and the motivations of individuals to participate in them, have been studied, there are significant gaps in the literature. One such dearth is research on those participating in self-provisioning activities. This study begins to fill the gap by looking at the self-provisioning activity of home gardening using data from the 2008 Ohio Survey of Food, Agriculture, and Environmental Issues. Discerning who household gardeners are is important given the recent economic, cultural, and political climate of the United States. The results show that home gardening occurs throughout the state of Ohio at surprisingly high levels. Bivariate and multivariate analyses reveal several noteworthy associations between gardening and household characteristics, including spatial location, pro-environmental and economic hardship behaviors, and level of participation in localized food systems.

Keywords

Alternative agriculture Food security Home gardening Local foods Ohio Self-provisioning 

References

  1. Allen, P. 2004. Together at the table. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Alkon, A. 2007. Paradise or pavement? The social construction of the environment in two urban farmers markets. Paper Presented During the 2007 ASA Meetings, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  3. Appalachian Regional Commission. 2011. Counties in Appalachia. http://www.arc.gov/counties. Accessed 7 March 2011.
  4. Audirac, I. 1999. Unsettled views about the fringe: Rural-urban or urban-rural frontiers. In Contested countryside: The rural urban fringe in North America, ed. O.J. Furuseth, and M.B. Lapping, 7–32. Brookfield, VT: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  5. Baker, A.H., and H.V. Izard. 1991. New England farmers and the marketplace, 1750–1865: A case study. Agricultural History 65(3): 29–52.Google Scholar
  6. Barlett, P.F. 1986. Part-time farming: Saving the farm or saving the life-style? Rural Sociology 51(3): 289–313.Google Scholar
  7. Becker, R.F. 1984. Vegetable gardening in the United States: A history, 1565–1900. HortScience 19(5): 624–629.Google Scholar
  8. Bentley, Amy. 1998. Eating for victory: Food rationing and the politics of domesticity. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  9. Berry, W. 1977. The unsettling of America: Culture and agriculture. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club.Google Scholar
  10. Bogue, D.J., and C.I. Beale. 1961. Economic areas of the United States. New York, NY: Free Press and Glencoe.Google Scholar
  11. Bourdieu, P. 1984. Distinction: A social critique of the judgment of taste. Trans. Richard Nice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Brown, R.B., X. Xu, and J.F. Toth. 1998. Lifestyle options and economic strategies: Subsistence activities in the Mississippi Delta. Rural Sociology 63(4): 599–623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Brown, D., and L. Kulcsar. 2001. Household economic behavior in post-socialist rural Hungary. Rural Sociology 66(2): 157–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Campbell, R.R., J.C. Spence, and R.G. Amonker. 1993. The reported and unreported Missouri Ozarks: Adaptive strategies of the people left behind. In Forgotten places: Uneven development in rural America, ed. T. Lyson, and W. Falk, 30–52. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.Google Scholar
  15. Clark, J., and J. Sharp. 2005. Delineating and describing exurbia: Focus on land use policy and attitudes about agriculture. Tampa, FL: Paper presented at the Rural Sociological Society Meetings.Google Scholar
  16. Cole, G. 1993. Gardening for victory; Victory gardens in American popular periodicals during World War II. The North Dakota Quarterly 61(3): 163–176.Google Scholar
  17. Cochrane, W.W. 1993. The development of American agriculture. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  18. Dillman, D. 2000. Mail and internet surveys: The tailored design method, 2/e. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  19. De Wolf, G. 1992. The beginnings. In Keeping Eden: A history of gardening in America, ed. W.T. Punch, 1–12. Boston, MA: Bulfinch Press.Google Scholar
  20. Dunlap, R.E., and R.B. Heffernan. 1975. Outdoor recreation and environmental concern: An empirical examination. Rural Sociology 14(1): 18–30.Google Scholar
  21. Garson, D. 2009. Hosmer and Lemeshow Chi-squared goodness of fit. http://faculty.chass.ncsu.edu/garson/PA765/logistic.htm. Accessed 4 June 2009.
  22. Govindasamy, R., M. Zurbriggen, J. Italia, A. Adalaja, P. Nitzche, and R. VanVraken. 1998. Farmers markets: Consumer trends, preferences, and characteristics. http://njveg.rutgers.edu/assets/pdfs/mktg/fm_consumer_trends_june1998.pdf. Accessed 4 June 2009.
  23. Halweil, B. 2002. Home grown: The case for local food in a global market. Worldwatch Paper 163. Washington, DC: Worldwatch Institute.Google Scholar
  24. Heckler, S.L. 2004. Tedium and creativity: The valorization of manioc cultivation and Piaroa women. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 10(2): 241–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Heckler, S., and S. Zent. 2008. Piaroa manioc varietals: Hyprerdiversity or social currency? Human Ecology 36: 679–697.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hinrichs, C.C. 1998. Sideline and lifeline: The cultural economy of maple syrup production. Rural Sociology 63(4): 507–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hinrichs, C.C. 2003. The practice and politics of food system relocalization. Journal of Rural Studies 19(1): 33–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hinrichs, C. Clare, and Thomas Lyson. 2007. Remaking the North American food system: Strategies for sustainability, eds. T. Lyson and C. Hinrichs. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
  29. Horsfall Jr., Frank. 1969. Horticulture in Eighteenth Century America. Agricultural History 43(1): 159–168.Google Scholar
  30. Jensen, Leif, Gretchen T. Cornwell, and Jill L. Findeis. 1995. Informal work in nonmetropolitan Pennsylvania. Rural Sociology 60(1): 91–107.Google Scholar
  31. Jones, R.E., J.M. Fly, and H.K. Cordell. 1999. How green is my valley? Tracking rural and urban environmentalism in the Southern Appalachian ecoregion. Rural Sociology 64(2): 482–499.Google Scholar
  32. Kingsolver, B. 2008. Animal, vegetable, miracle. New York, NY: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
  33. Krugman, P. 2008. Grains gone wild. New York Times: Online. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/07/opinion/07krugman.html?_r=1&scp=2&sq=food%20crisis&st=cse&oref=slogin. Accessed 7 April 2008.
  34. Lobao, L., and K. Meyer. 2001. The great agricultural transition: Crisis, change, and social consequences of Twentieth Century US farming. Annual Review of Sociology 27(1): 103–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Leighton, A. 1976. American gardens in the Eighteenth Century. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.Google Scholar
  36. Lynd, R.S., and H.M. Lynd. 1929. Middletown: A study in contemporary American culture. New York, NY: Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
  37. Lyson, Thomas A. 2004. Civic agriculture: Reconnecting farm, food, and community. Lebenon, NH: Tufts University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Lyson, T. 2007. Civic agriculture and the North American food system. In Remaking the North American food system: Strategies for sustainability, eds. T. Lyson and C. Hinrichs, 19–32. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
  39. Martin, E. 1944. Victory gardens: Handbook of the Victory Garden Committee. Pennsylvania State Council of Defense. http://www.earthlypursuits.com/VictoryGardHandbook/VGHiv.htm. Accessed 1 March 2011.
  40. Miller, C. 2004. In the sweat of our row: Citizenship in American domestic practice during WWII—Victory Gardens. The Journal of American Culture 26(2): 395–409.Google Scholar
  41. Mingione, E. 1991. Fragmented societies: A sociology of economic life beyond the market paradigm. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell Ltd.Google Scholar
  42. Mirowsky, J., and C.E. Ross. 1999. Economic hardship across the life course. American Sociological Review 64: 548–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Morton, L.W., E.A. Bitto, M.J. Oakland, and M. Sand. 2008. Accessing food resources: Rural and urban patterns of giving and getting food. Agriculture and Human Values 25(1): 107–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Nearing, H., and S. Nearing. 1954. Living the good life. New York, NY: Schocken Books.Google Scholar
  45. Omohundro, J. T. 1995. Living off the land. In Living on the edge: the Great Northern Peninsula of Newfoundland, eds. L. W. Felt and P. R. Sinclair. St. John’s, Newfoundland: Institute of Social and Economic Research, Memorial University of Newfoundland.Google Scholar
  46. Pallot, J., and T. Nefedova. 2003. Trajectories in people’s farming in Moscow Oblast during the post-socialist transformation. Journal of Rural Studies 19: 345–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Pirog, R., T.V. Pelt, K. Enshayan, and E. Cook. 2001. Food, fuel, and freeways: An Iowa perspective on how far food travels, fuel usage, and greenhouse gas emission. Ames, IA: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture.Google Scholar
  48. Pollan, M. 2006. The omnivore’s dilemma: A natural history of four meals. New York, NY: Penguin Press.Google Scholar
  49. Quandt, S.A., J.B. Popyach, and K.M. DeWalt. 1994. Home gardening and food preservation practices of the elderly in rural Kentucky. Ecology of Food and Nutrition 31: 183–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Root, W., and R. de Rochemont. 1976. Eating in America. New York, NY: William Morrow and Company.Google Scholar
  51. Seaton, B. 1981. Idylls of agriculture: Or, Nineteenth-Century success stories of farming and gardening. Agricultural History 55(1): 21–30.Google Scholar
  52. Seeth, H.T., S. Chachnov, A. Surinov, and J. von Braun. 1998. Russian poverty: Muddling through economic transition with garden plots. World Development 26(9): 1611–1623.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sen, A. 2008. “The rich get hungrier.” The New York Times: Online. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/05/28/opinion/28sen.html?scp=9&sq=food%20crisis&st=cse. Accessed 28 May 2008.
  54. Sharp, J., and J. Clark. 2008. Between the country and the concrete: Rediscovering the rural-urban fringe. City and Community 7(1): 61–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Sharp, J., and L. Adua. 2009. The social basis of agro-environmental concern: Physical versus social proximity. Rural Sociology 74(1): 56–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Spurlock, Morgan. 2004. Super size me [film]. Culver City, CA: Sony Pictures.Google Scholar
  57. Teitelbaum, S., and T. Beckley. 2006. Harvested, hunted and home grown: The prevalence of self-provisioning in rural Canada. Journal of Rural Community and Development 1(2): 114–130.Google Scholar
  58. Theodori, G., A.E. Luloff, and F.K. Willits. 1998. The association of outdoor recreation and environmental concern: Reexamining the Dunlap-Heffernan thesis. Rural Sociology 63(1): 94–108.Google Scholar
  59. Tice, P.M. 1984. Gardening in America, 1830–1910. Rochester, NY: Strong Museum.Google Scholar
  60. Tucker, D.M. 1993. Kitchen gardening in America: A history. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press.Google Scholar
  61. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2009. Organic production. http://www.ers.usda.gov/Data/Organic/. Accessed 7 April 2009.
  62. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2011. Extension. http://www.csrees.usda.gov/qlinks/extension.html. Accessed 7 March 2011.
  63. Vining, Joanne and Angela Ebreo. 1990. What makes a recycler? A comparison of recyclers and nonrecyclers. Environment and Behavior 22(1): 55–73.Google Scholar
  64. Willits, F.K., and A.E. Luluff. 1995. Urban residents views of rurality and contacts with rural places. Rural Sociology 60(3): 454–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.School of Environment and Natural ResourcesThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations