Measuring what Medical Students Think about Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM): A Pilot Study of the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Survey
- 201 Downloads
With increasing national and international support for the development of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) curricula in American medical schools, it is essential to measure what learners know and believe about CAM in order to assess outcomes of new teaching efforts. This paper describes the development and initial results of a survey designed for those purposes. The survey is constructed so that earlier single-institution studies of students’ attitudes toward CAM topics, preferred ways of learning about CAM, and students’ use of CAM therapies for self-care might be replicated and extended. A pilot test of the Complementary and Alternative Medicine ( CAM) Survey was conducted with third-year medical students at the University of Texas Medical Branch. Validity and reliability studies of the survey were conducted. Findings were compared to those of previously published studies. Interpretable subscales were constructed from survey questions. Students’ attitudes toward CAM-related topics were generally favorable. More students were familiar with biological-based therapies than with other CAM therapies. The majority of respondents listed lectures as their preferred way to learn about CAM. Respondents’ own CAM use varied; minority and economically-disadvantaged students were more likely to use CAM therapies than other students. The survey is a promising assessment of student attitudes toward and knowledge of CAM therapies.
Keywordsalternative medicine CAM evaluation medical education medical students survey research
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Baugniet, J., Boon, H., Østbye, T 2000Complementary/alternative medicine: comparing the views of medical students with students in other health care professionsFamily Medicine32178184Google Scholar
- Berman, B.M., Singh, B.K., Lao, L., Singh, B.B., Ferentz, K.S., Hartnoll, S.M 1995Physicians’ attitudes toward complementary or alternative medicine: a regional surveyJournal of the American Board of Family Practice8361366Google Scholar
- Borkan, J., Neher, J.O., Anson, O., Smoker, B 1994Referrals for alternative therapiesJournal of Family Practice39545550Google Scholar
- Eisenberg, D.M. 1997Advising patients who seek alternative medical therapiesAnnals of Internal Medicine1276169Google Scholar
- Eisenberg, D.M., Kessler, R.C., Rompay, M.I., Kaptchuk, T.J., Wilkey, S.A., Appel, S., Davis, R.B 2001Perceptions about complementary therapies relative to conventional therapies among adults who use both: results from a national surveyAnnals of Internal Medicine135344351Google Scholar
- Greiner, K.A., Murray, J.L., Kallail, K.J 2000Medical student interest in alternative medicineJournal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine6231234Google Scholar
- National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). (2004). What is complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)? Available from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/whatiscam. Accessed January 17, 2005