Advertisement

Advances in Health Sciences Education

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 145–153 | Cite as

Investigating the Utility of a GPA Institutional Adjustment Index

  • Thomas Didier
  • Clarence D. KreiterEmail author
  • Russell Buri
  • Catherine Solow
Article

Abstract

Background: Grading standards vary widely across undergraduate institutions. If, during the medical school admissions process, GPA is considered without reference to the institution attended, it will disadvantage applicants from undergraduate institutions employing rigorous grading standards.Method: A regression-based GPA institutional equating method using historical MCAT and GPA information is described. Classes selected from eight applicant pools demonstrate the impact of the GPA adjustment. The validity of the adjustment is examined by comparing adjusted and unadjusted GPAs’ correlation with USMLE and medical college grades.Results: The adjusted GPA demonstrated significantly improved congruence with MCAT estimates of applicant preparedness. The adjustment changed selection decisions for 21% of those admitted. The adjusted GPA enhanced prediction of USMLE and medical school grades only for students from institutions which required large adjustments. Conclusion: Unlike other indices, the adjustment described uses the same metric as GPA and is based only on an institution’s history of preparing medical school applicants. The institutional adjustment is consequential in selection, significantly enhances congruence with a standardized measure of academic preparedness and may enhance the validity of the GPA.

Keywords

Medical School School Grade Selection Decision Grade Standard Admission Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, & National Council on Measure in Education1999Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. Standard 7.6American Educational Research AssociationWashington, DCGoogle Scholar
  2. Blue, A.V., Gilbert, G.E., Elam, C.L., Basco, W.T 2000Does selectivity aid in the prediction of medical school performanceAcademic Medicine75S31S33Google Scholar
  3. Cohen, J. 1988Statistical Power Analysis of the Behavior Sciences.Lawrence ErlbaumHillsdale, New Jersey2427Google Scholar
  4. Johnson, V.E. 2003Grade Inflation: A Crisis in College Education.SpringerNew YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Jones, R.F., Adams, L.N 1983The relationship between MCAT science scores and undergraduate science GPAJournal of Medical Education58908911Google Scholar
  6. Kulatunga-Moruzi, C., Norman, G.R 2002Validity of admission measures in predicting performance outcomes: the contribution of cognitive and non-cognitive dimensionsTeaching and Learning in Medicine143442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. MCAT Interpretative Manual. (1998). A Guide for Understanding and Using MCAT Scores in Admission Decisions. Association of American Medical CollegesGoogle Scholar
  8. Mitchell, K.J., Haynes, R., Koenig, J.A 1994Assessing the validity of the updated Medical College Admission TestAcademic Medicine69394401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Puryear, J.B., Lewis, L.A 1981Description of the interview process in selecting students for admissions to US medical schoolsJournal of Medical Education56881885Google Scholar
  10. Salvatori, P. 2001Reliability and validity of admission tools used to select students for the health professionsAdvances in Health Science Education6159175CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Didier
    • 2
  • Clarence D. Kreiter
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Russell Buri
    • 2
  • Catherine Solow
    • 2
  1. 1.Office of Consultation and Research in Medical EducationUSA
  2. 2.University of Iowa Carver College of MedicineIowa CityUSA

Personalised recommendations