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Silvopastoral management of beef cattle production for neutralizing the environmental impact of enteric methane emission

  • Leonardo de Oliveira ResendeEmail author
  • Marcelo Dias Müller
  • Marta Moura Kohmann
  • Luís Fernando Guedes Pinto
  • Laury Cullen Junior
  • Sergio de Zen
  • Luiz Felipe Guanaes Rego
Article

Abstract

It is well recognized that commercial beef cattle production systems have a major impact on climate change, mainly due to the emission of enteric methane (CH4). The objective of this research was to evaluate if integrating animal + pasture + timber production in silvopastoral systems (SPS) would help neutralize the impact of enteric CH4 emission by facilitating carbon storage as soil organic carbon (SOC). This paper reports a study conducted in Brazil with a herd of 150 cows in 100 ha of Urochloa brizantha with Eucalyptus urograndis, on four tree configurations: SPS 1-clone GG-100 at 2 × 3 × 15 m spacing; SPS 2-clone i-144 at 2 × 3 × 15 m; SPS 3-clone GG-100 at 3 × 15 m; and SPS 4-clone i-144 at 3 × 15 m. Based on data collected through eight consecutive years, the gas balance was estimated. For all SPS treatments average, the carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) of additional C stock exceeded the emissions. Considering only C sequestration from trees, the average CO2e sequestration was − 26.27 Mg·CO2e ha−1, while the average emissions of CO2 e was 23.54 Mg·CO2e ha−1 for enteric CH4 + pasture + tree, giving a net balance of − 2.73 Mg·CO2e ha−1. The “loss” of CO2e analyzed was compensated by the soil C sequestration in long-lived SOC pools, enhancing the resilience of farming systems by increasing soil organic matter and soil fertility capacity, mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, therefore, providing benefits in livestock production and for environmental remediation.

Keywords

Carbon sequestration Cattle emissions Greenhouse gases emission Silvopastoral systems Sustainable livestock 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonardo de Oliveira Resende
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marcelo Dias Müller
    • 2
  • Marta Moura Kohmann
    • 3
  • Luís Fernando Guedes Pinto
    • 4
  • Laury Cullen Junior
    • 5
  • Sergio de Zen
    • 6
  • Luiz Felipe Guanaes Rego
    • 1
  1. 1.Geography DepartmentPontifical Catholic University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation - EmbrapaJuiz de ForaBrazil
  3. 3.Range Cattle Research and Education CenterUniversity of FloridaOnaUSA
  4. 4.ImafloraPiracicabaBrazil
  5. 5.Institutto IpêNazaré PaulistaBrazil
  6. 6.Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

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