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Assessment of crop yield, productivity and carbon sequestration in agroforestry systems in Central Himalaya, India


The present study deals with the assessment of crop composition, yield, biomass, net primary productivity (NPP), carbon stock and carbon sequestration in agri-silviculture (AS) and agri-horticulture (AH) agroforestry systems of Central Himalaya. An extensive field survey was carried out for the selection of AS (poplar + wheat) and AH (mango + wheat) systems practiced by the farmers in the region. In each agroforestry system, the wheat and tree species were assessed. Tree density was 400 and 278 individuals ha−1 in AS and AH systems while wheat density was 95 and 61 individuals m−2 in AS and AH systems, respectively. The yield and harvest index of wheat were 5096 kg ha−1 and 46% in AS system while 4009 kg ha−1 and 44.6% in AH system, respectively. In comparison with sole cropping system, the reduction in wheat yield was 19.7% in AS system and 36.8% in AH system. The biomass and net primary productivity of trees were 128.3 t ha−1 and 16.2 4 t ha−1 yr−1 in AS system while 171.95 t ha−1 and 14.4 t ha−1 yr−1 in AH system. However, the carbon sequestration of tree was 7.7 and 6.8 t C ha−1 yr−1 in AS and AH systems. The available nitrogen and phosphorus showed a significant correlation (p < 0.05) with crop yield. The yield of wheat, NPP, carbon sequestration and nutrients of soil was higher in AS (poplar + wheat) system than in AH (mango + wheat) system. Therefore, we suggested the farmers to adopt the AS system for better outputs in terms of production, carbon sequestration and sustainability of land use system.

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Fig. 1

Source: Google map

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Source: climate Uttarakhand

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Authors are thankful to the Head, Department of Botany and Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, D.S.B. Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, for providing necessary facilities.

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Correspondence to Neelu Lodhiyal.

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Adhikari, B., Lodhiyal, N. & Lodhiyal, L.S. Assessment of crop yield, productivity and carbon sequestration in agroforestry systems in Central Himalaya, India. Agroforest Syst 94, 281–296 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-019-00388-2

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  • Density
  • Harvest index
  • Biomass
  • Carbon sequestration
  • Soil nutrients