The purpose of this paper is to test the hypothesis that the natural soil compaction and its related soil properties in forests are significantly different from the soil compaction in arable soils, under the same climate, relief, geology and soil conditions. This study was carried out in the southern part of the Romanian Plain, during the summer of 2018. The soil contains relatively deep fertile topsoil followed by subsoil enriched in clay. The used methodology consists of digging four pairs of 1.5 m depth soil profiles performed in both forested and arable land, from where both disturbed and undisturbed soil samples were taken and analyzed in the lab. The different environmental conditions and human activities produced modifications in soil physical properties. The results emphasize significant differences between bulk density (BD), other soil physical properties and various soil water content values for the soil matric potential of pF 0, 2.52 and 4.2 in the forest soils, versus the arable soils. The upper part of the soil profile is usually modified in the arable land and soil physical properties worsen. BD was as much as 1.6 kg dm−3 in the topsoil of the arable land, being by 25% higher versus the forested land. However, in subsoil BD is significantly higher in the oak tree forest soils versus the arable soils probably due to the pressure exerted by the permanent thicker tree roots. The potential impact of this research should be regarded in the context of soil management, emphasizing the differences between these two land uses. Thus, for an improvement of the physical properties of arable topsoil and to increase soil carbon sinks by reducing CO2 deposition in the atmosphere, afforestation for limited periods might be considered.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Aïvazian S (1970) Étude statistique des dépendances. Edition Mir, Moscow, p 236
Borges WLB, Calonego JC, Ciro A, Rosolem CA (2018) Impact of crop-livestock-forest integration on soil quality. Agrofor Syst. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-018-0329-0
Canarache A (2000) Review of research on subsoil compaction of pedogenetic origin in Romania: extent, effects, remediation. Adv Geoecol Reiskirchen 32:363–369
Canarache A, Dumitru E (1986) Cu privire la influenţa directă şi remanentă a lucrărilor solului asupra însuşirilor fizice ale solului. Probleme de agrofitotehnie teoretică şi aplicată 8(3):195–208
Ferrero A, Usowicz B, Lipiec J (2005) Effects of tractor traffic on spatial variability of soil strength and water content in grass covered and cultivated sloping vineyard. Soil Tillage Res 84:127–138
Florea N, Munteanu I (2012) Sistemul Român de Taxonomie a Solurilor—SRTS. Edit. Sitech, Craiova
Florea N, Bălăceanu V, Răuţă C, Canarache A (1987) Metodologie de elaborare a studiilor pedologice. Partea I, II şi III. Redacţia de Propagandă Tehnică Agricolă. ICPA, Bucureşti
Geiger R (1961) Überarbeitete Neuausgabe von Geiger, R.: Köppen–Geiger/Klima der Erde. (Wandkarte 1:16 Mill.). Klett-Perthes, Gotha
Håkansson I, Lipiec J (2000) A review of the usefulness of relative bulk density values in studies of soil structure and compaction. Soil Tillage Res 53:71–85
Hamza MA, Anderson WK (2005) Soil compaction in cropping systems: a review of the nature, causes and possible solutions. Soil Tillage Res 82(2):121–145
Horn R, Fleige H (2003) A method for assessing the impact of load on mechanical stability and on physical properties of soils. Soil Tillage Res 73:89–99
Horn R, Fleige H (2005) Editorial: introduction to the special issue on experiences with the development and application of a new simulation model predicting the dynamics of agro-physical soil state for selection of management practices to prevent soil erosion (SIDASS project). Soil Tillage Res 82:1–3
Horn R, Fleige H (2009) Risk assessment of subsoil compaction for arable soils in Northwest Germany at farm scale. Soil Tillage Res 102(2):201–208
Ionescu Sisesti G (1942) Agrotehnica. Tiparul Cartea Românească, Bucharest
Mualem Y (1976) A new model for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated porous media. Water Resour Res 12:513–522
Paltineanu C, Mihailescu IF, Seceleanu I, Dragota C, Vasenciuc F (2007) Ariditatea, seceta, evapotranspiraţia şi cerinţele de apă ale culturilor agricole în România. Editura Ovidius University Press, Constanţa
Paltineanu C, Chitu E, Mateescu E (2011) Changes in crop evapotranspiration and irrigation water requirements. Int Agrophys 25(4):369–373
Paltineanu C, Chitu E, Mateescu E (2012) New trends for reference evapotranspiration and climatic water deficit. Int Agrophys 26:159–165. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10247-012-0023-9
Paltineanu C, Tanasescu N, Chitu E (2016a) Pattern of soil physical properties in intensive plum and apple orchards on medium and course textured soils. Soil Tillage Res 163(C):80–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2016.05.013
Paltineanu C, Septar L, Gavat C, Chitu E, Iancu M, Oprita A, Moale C, Lamureanu G, Calciu I, Stroe VM (2016b) Spatial distribution of apricot roots in a semi-arid environment. Agrofor Syst 90(3):469–478. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-015-9869-8
Paltineanu C, Septar L, Gavat C, Chitu E, Oprita A, Moale C, Calciu I, Vizitiu O, Lamureanu G (2016c) Characterizing root density of peach trees in a semi-arid chernozem to increase plant density. Int Agrophys 30(1):67–74. https://doi.org/10.1515/intag-2015-0079
Simota C, Horn R, Fleige H, Dexter A, Czyz EA, Diaz-Pereira E, Mayol F, Rajkai K, De La Rosa D (2005) SIDASS project: part 1 A spatial distributed simulation model predicting the dynamics of agro-physical soil state for selection of management practices to prevent soil erosion. Soil Tillage Res 82(1):15–18
Van der Akker JJH (1999) Description of the concerted action experiences with the impact of suboil compaction on soil, crop growth and environment and ways to prevent soil compaction. In: Experiences with the impact of suboil compaction in the European Community. Report 168, DLO-Staring Centre, Wageningen, pp 8–27
Van der Akker JJH, Canarache A (2001) Two European concerted actions on suboil compaction. Land Use Dev 42(1):15–22
Van Dijck SJE, van Asch ThWJ (2002) Compaction of loamy soils due to tractor traffic in vineyards and orchards and its effect on infiltration in southern France. Soil Tillage Res 63:141–153
van Genuchten MTh (1980) A closed-form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 44(5):892–898. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1980.03615995004400050002x
World Reference Base for Soil Resources (2014) International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. Update 2015. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome
The authors acknowledge the financial support received from the Romanian Ministry of Research and Innovation: Project PN-III-P1-1.2-PCCDI-2017-0721—INTER-ASPA.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Paltineanu, C., Lacatusu, R., Vrinceanu, A. et al. Comparing soil physical properties in forest soils and arable soils within heavy-clay Phaeozems: an environmental case study in Romania. Agroforest Syst 94, 113–123 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-019-00373-9
- Arable field
- Forested land
- Bulk density
- Penetration resistance
- Soil water content