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Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 82, Issue 2, pp 149–159 | Cite as

Canopy cover influence on macrofungal richness and sporocarp production in montado ecosystems

  • C. Santos-Silva
  • A. Gonçalves
  • R. Louro
Article

Abstract

In this study we aimed to find out how macrofungi richness and sporocarp production varies in relation to both canopy cover and proximity of crown projection area, in order to discuss strategies and point out management actions that ensure macrofungal communities sustainability in montado ecosystems. The sporocarp survey was conducted once every two weeks, from October to February, between 2007 and 2009 in two representative sites of the most common (cork and holm oak) open montado ecosystems in southern Portugal. Results showed that canopy cover strongly shaped macrofungal communities composition and yield. Denser canopy cover enhanced mycorrhizal richness and reduced saprotrophic yield. Furthermore, mycorrhizal richness and yield increased with tree proximity. Finally some forest management strategies are suggested in order to enhance macrofungal richness and productivity, in montado ecosystems.

Keywords

Macrofungal communities Crown influence Holm oak Cork oak Montado Mediterranean ecosystem Portugal 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was partly supported by ICAAM (Institute of Mediterranean Agricultural and Environmental Sciences), which is mainly subsidized by FCT (Science and Technology Foundation). We wish to thank to Drª Teresa Pinto-Correia and to Dr. António Mira for the critical reading of the manuscript.We also want to express our gratitude to the biology students who assisted in the field work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Mediterranean, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences; Biology DepartmentUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  2. 2.Institute of Mediterranean, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences; Rural Engineering DepartmentUniversity of ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal

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