Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 81, Issue 1, pp 45–56

Composted biosolids as a source of iron for hybrid poplars (Populus sp.) grown in northwest New Mexico

  • Kevin Lombard
  • Mick O’Neill
  • Robert Heyduck
  • Blake Onken
  • April Ulery
  • John Mexal
  • Adrian Unc
Article

Abstract

Composted sewage sludge (biosolids) supply plant available Fe and may represent a sustainable alternative to more costly chelated Fe fertilizers currently used to supplement nutrition in hybrid poplar test plots of elevated soil pH. To test the response of poplars, field plots were amended with composted biosolids at two agricultural rates: 22.75 and 44.5 Mg ha−1. Iron EDDHA served as a fertilizer check and control plots received no amendment. The hybrid poplar OP-367 (Populus deltoides × P. nigra) was planted on a 3.6 m grid spacing. Significant amounts of P and Fe originating from the sewage treatment process were detected in soils 13 months after amending. Chlorosis evaluated with a SPAD-502 meter, showed that poplars amended with biosolids remained the least chlorotic and had greater tree growth when compared to Fe EDDHA and control plots during two growing seasons. Biosolids show promise as a cost effective alternative for the remediation of Fe chlorosis in hybrid poplar agroforestry plantations and present new opportunities in northwestern New Mexico for municipalities seeking solid waste land disposal options.

Keywords

Populus hybrids Biosolids Composted sewage sludge Iron chlorosis 

References

  1. Adler PR, Grosso SJD, Parton WJ (2007) Life-cycle assessment of net greenhouse-gas flux for bioenergy cropping systems. Ecol Appl 17:675–691CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Albuquerque (2006) Wastewater: composting, vol 2006. City of Albuquerque, AlbuquerqueGoogle Scholar
  3. Albuquerque (2008) Compost facility operations, vol 2008. Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority, AlbuquerqueGoogle Scholar
  4. Baccio DD, Tognetti R, Sebastiani L, Vitagliano C (2003) Responses of Populus deltoides × Populus nigra (Populus × euramericana) clone I-214 to high zinc concentrations. New Phytol 159:443–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baker DE, Gorsline GW, Smith CG, Thomas WI, Grube WE, Ragland JL (1964) P, K, Ca, Mg, Na, B, Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Mo of botanical materials (dry ash). Agron J 56:133–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benítez ML, Pedrajas VM, Campillo MCD, Torrent J (2002) Iron chlorosis in olive in relation to soil properties. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 62:47–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. BNR Operation in Wastewater Treatment Plants Task Force (2005) Biological nutrient removal operation in wastewater treatment plants. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Browne JE (1962) Standard cubic-foot volume tables for commercial tree species of British Columbia. British Columbia Forest Service, Victoria, BC, 107 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Carter MR (1981) Association of total CaCO3 and active CaCO3 with growth of five tree species on chernozemic soils. Can J Soil Sci 61:173–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Committee on Toxicants and Pathogens in Biosolids Applied to Land (2002) Biosolids applied to land. National Research Council, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  11. Dahnke WC (1971) Use of the nitrate specific ion electrode in soil testing. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 2:73–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dolliver H, Gupta S, Noll S (2008) Antibiotic degradation during manure composting. J Environ Qual 37:1245–1253CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Fageria VD (2001) Nutrient interactions in crop plants. J Plant Nutr 24:1269–1290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Felix E, Tilley DR, Felton G, Flamino E (2008) Biomass production of hybrid poplar (Populus sp.) grown on deep-trenched municipal biosolids. Ecol Eng 33:8–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ghasemi-Fasaei R, Ronaghi A, Maftoun M, Karimian N, Soltanpour PN (2003) Influence of Fe EDDHA on iron-manganese interaction in soybean genotypes in a calcareous soil. J Plant Nutr 26:1815–1823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gochis DJ, Cuenca RH (2000) Plant water use and crop curves for hybrid poplars. J Irrig Drain Eng 126:206–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Iranpour R, Cox HHJ, Kearney RJ, Clark JH, Pincince AB, Daigger GT (2004) Review: Regulations for biosolids land application in U.S. and European Union. J Residuals Sci Technol 1:209–222Google Scholar
  18. Jaynes WF, Zartman RE (2005) Origin of talc, iron phosphates, and other minerals in biosolids. Soil Sci Soc Am J 69:1047–1056CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jones C, Jacobsen J (2003) Micronutrients: cycling, testing and fertilizer recommendations. Nutrient management, a self-study course from the Montana State University Extension Service Continuing Education Series. Pub No. 4449-7Google Scholar
  20. Keetch CW (1980) Soil survey of San Juan County New Mexico: eastern part. USDA SCS, USDA BIA and BOR, NMSU Agricultural Experiment StationGoogle Scholar
  21. Knudsen D, Peterson GA, Pratt PF (1982) Lithium, sodium, and potassium. In: Page AL (ed) Methods of soil analysis, part 2. ASA Monograph, Madison, WIGoogle Scholar
  22. Lavado RS, Rodriguez MB, Taboada MA (2005) Treatment with biosolids affects soil availability and plant uptake of potentially toxic elements. Agric Ecosyst Environ 109:360–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Littell RC, Stroup WW, Freund RJ (2002) SAS for linear models. SAS Institute, CaryGoogle Scholar
  24. Loh FCW, Grabosky JC, Bassuk NL (2002) Using the SPAD 502 meter to assess chlorophyll and nitrogen content of Benjamin Fig and Cottonwood leaves. HortTechnology 12:682–686Google Scholar
  25. Lombard KA (2007) Opportunities and challenges of poplar-based agroforestry in the four corners region of New Mexico. PhD, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NMGoogle Scholar
  26. McBride MB, Richards BK, Steenhuis T (2004) Bioavailability and crop uptake of trace elements in soil columns amended with sewage sludge. Plant Soil 262:71–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Moral R, Moreno-Caselles J, Perez-Murcia M, Perez-Espinosa A (2002) Improving the micronutrient availability in calcareous soils by sewage sludge amendment. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 33:3015–3022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. O’Neill MK, Arnold RN, Smeal D, Jim T, Heyduck R, West M, Owen CK, Williams Z, Kohler KD, Begay M, Begay-Serna C, Lombard K, Tomko J, Pryor N (2005) Thirty-ninth annual progress report for 2005. NMSU Agricultural Science Center at FarmingtonGoogle Scholar
  29. Patterson SJ, Chanasyk DS, Mapfumo E, Naeth MA (2008) Effects of diluted Kraft pulp mill effluent on hybrid poplar and soil chemical properties. Irrig Sci 26:547–560CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pearson CH, Rogoyski M, Godin R, Hammon B, Moench R (2003) Performance of hybrid poplar in western Colorado, 2000–2002. p. In: Western Colorado Research Center 2002 Research Report. CSU Ag Exp Stn Tech Rp. TR03 7:7–18. Fort Collins, COGoogle Scholar
  31. Pepper I (2006) Biologicals from land application of biosolids and manures: apple pie and motherhood or Pandora’s box of pandemonium? ASA-CSSA-SSSA 2006 International meetings. ASA, IndianapolisGoogle Scholar
  32. Semple KE, Vaillant M-H, Kang K-Y, Oh SW, Smith GD, Mansfield SD (2007) Evaluating the suitability of hybrid poplar clones for the manufacture of oriented strand boards. Holzforschung 61:430–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shock CC, Feibert E (2005) Performance of hybrid poplar clones on an alkaline soil, vol 2006. Malheur Experiment Station, Oregon State University, OntarioGoogle Scholar
  34. Soltanpour PN, Schwab AP (1977) A new soil test for simultaneous extraction of macro-and micro-nutrients in alkaline soils. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 8:195–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sparks DL (1995) Environmental soil chemistry. Academic Press, Inc., New YorkGoogle Scholar
  36. St. John L (2001) Hybrid poplar: an alternative crop for the intermountain West TN Plant Materials No. 37:11Google Scholar
  37. Storteboom H, Kim S-C, Doesken K, Carlson K, Davis J, Pruden A (2007) Response of antibiotics and resistance genes to high-intensity and low-intensity manure management. J Environ Qual 36:1695–1703CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Wetterauer DG (1987) Residual effects of different sewage sludges on correcting iron deficiency in sorghum. MSc, New Mexico State University, Las CrucesGoogle Scholar
  39. Xia K, Bhandari A, Das K, Pillar G (2005) Occurrence and fate of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in biosolids. J Environ Qual 34:91–104CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Yamamoto A, Nakamura T, Adu-Gyamfi JJ, Saigusa M (2002) Relationship between chlorophyll content in leaves of sorghum and pigeonpea determined by extraction method and by chlorophyll meter (SPAD-502). J Plant Nutr 25:2295–2301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhang MK, He ZL, Stoffella PJ, Calvert DV, Yang XE, Xia YP, Wilson SB (2004) Solubility of phosphorus and heavy metals in potting media amended with yard waste-biosolids compost. J Environ Qual 33:373–379PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Zinati GM, Li Y, Bryan HH (2001) Accumulation and fractionation of copper, iron, manganese, and zinc in calcareous soils amended with composts. J Environ Sci Health 36:229–243Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin Lombard
    • 1
  • Mick O’Neill
    • 1
  • Robert Heyduck
    • 1
  • Blake Onken
    • 2
  • April Ulery
    • 3
  • John Mexal
    • 3
  • Adrian Unc
    • 3
  1. 1.New Mexico State University Agricultural Science Center at FarmingtonFarmingtonUSA
  2. 2.Lindsay CorporationOmahaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA

Personalised recommendations