Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 64, Issue 3, pp 181–195 | Cite as

Biomass production and C-sequestration of Gmelina arborea in plantation and agroforestry system in India

  • S.L. SwamyEmail author
  • Sunil Puri


Tree based land use systems make a valuable contribution to sequester carbon and improve productivity and nutrient cycling within the systems. This study was conducted to determine biomass production, C-sequestration and nitrogen allocation in Gmelina arborea planted as sole and agrisilviculture system on abandoned agricultural land. At 5 years, total stand biomass in agrisilviculture system was 14.1 Mg ha−1. Plantations had 35% higher biomass than agrisilviculture system. At 5 years, leaves, stem, branches and roots contributed 4.1, 65.2, 10.0 and 20.7%, respectively to total standing biomass (17.9 Mg ha−1). Over the 5 years of study, trees had 3.5 Mg ha−1 more C and 36 kg ha−1 more N in plantation than agrisilviculture system. Biomass and C storage followed differential allocation. Relatively more C was allocated in above ground components in plantations compared to agrisilviculture system. C:N ratios for tree components were higher in stem wood (135–142) followed by roots (134–139), branches (123–128) and leaves (20–21). In agrisilviculture system crops recommended are: soybean and cowpea in rainy season; wheat and mustard in winter season. After 5 years, soil organic C increased by 51.2 and 15.1% and N by 38.4 and 9.3% in plantation and agrisilviculture system, respectively. Total C storage in abandoned agricultural land before planting was 26.3 Mg ha−1, which increased to 33.7 and 45.8 Mg ha−1 after 5 years in plantation and agrisilviculture system, respectively. Net C storage (soil + tree) was 7.4 Mg ha−1 in agrisilviculture system compared to 19.5 Mg ha−1 in G. arborea monoculture stands. The studies suggest that competitive interactions played a significant role in agrisilviculture system. Plantations were more efficient in accreting C than agrisilviculture system on abandoned agricultural land.


Afforestation Agrisilviculture Environmental benefits Nutrient cycling Resource partitioning 


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© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ForestryIndira Gandhi Agricultural UniversityRaipur (C.G.)India

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