Angiogenic capacity in pre-eclampsia and uncomplicated pregnancy estimated by assay of angiogenic proteins and an in vitro vasculogenesis/angiogenesis test
- 70 Downloads
The purpose of the study was to determine the angiogenic capacity of sera in early and late pregnancy and in umbilical blood serum after childbirth, and to define how angiogenic properties assessed in a functional in vitro test are related to individual angiogenic proteins in six women with pre-eclampsia and in six healthy pregnant controls.
Maternal first and third trimester serum samples, and umbilical blood samples after childbirth, were tested in an in vitro human adipose stromal cell—human umbilical vein endothelial cell (hASC-HUVEC) vasculogenesis/angiogenesis assay. The angiogenic properties of the samples were measured by quantifying tubule formation. Concentrations of total placental growth factor (PlGF), total vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1) and soluble endoglin (sEng) were determined by immunoassay.
First-trimester maternal sera of both groups had a stimulatory effect on angiogenesis in vitro and levels of angiogenic proteins did not differ between the groups. Third-trimester maternal sera in the pre-eclampsia group had an inhibitory effect on tubule formation, while those from normal pregnancies remained stimulatory. Compared with the first trimester there was a significant change in the concentrations of angiogenic proteins toward an anti-angiogenic state in pre-eclampsia. Umbilical blood serum exhibited strong anti-angiogenic effects without a significant difference between groups.
Third-trimester serum of pre-eclamptic patients is anti-angiogenic. This phenomenon is not yet present in the first trimester. Umbilical blood serum shows inhibitory effects on angiogenesis after normal as well as pre-eclamptic pregnancy.
KeywordsIn vitro vasculogenesis/angiogenesis Angiogenic proteins Inhibition of angiogenesis Pre-eclampsia VEGF sFlt-1 PlGF sEng
- 19.Maynard S, Min J, Merchan J, Lim K, Li J, Mondal S, Libermann T, Morgan J, Sellke F, Stillman I, Epstein F, Sukhatme V, Karumanchi S (2003) Excess placental soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) may contribute to endothelial dysfunction, hypertension, and proteinuria in preeclampsia. J Clin Invest 111:649–658CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 20.Kleinrouweler CE, Wiegerinck MM, Ris-Stalpers C, Bossuyt PM, van der Post JA, von Dadelszen P, Mol BW, Pajkrt E, EBM CONNECT Collaboration (2012) Accuracy of circulating placental growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 and soluble endoglin in the prediction of pre-eclampsia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BJOG 119:778–787CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 21.Kusanovic J, Romero R, Chaiworapongsa T, Erez O, Mittal P, Vaisbuch E, Mazaki-Tovi S, Gotsch F, Edwin S, Gomez R, Yeo L, Conde-Agudelo A, Hassan S (2009) A prospective cohort study of the value of maternal plasma concentrations of angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors in early pregnancy and midtrimester in the identification of patients destined to develop preeclampsia. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 22:1021–1038CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 23.Erez O, Romero R, Espinoza J, Fu W, Todem D, Kusanovic JP, Gotsch F, Edwin S, Nien JK, Chaiworapongsa T, Mittal P, Mazaki-Tovi S, Than NG, Gomez R, Hassan SS (2008) The change in concentrations of angiogenic and anti-angiogenic factors in maternal plasma between the first and second trimesters in risk assessment for the subsequent development of preeclampsia and small-for-gestational age. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 21:279–287CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar