Aeroallergens: a comparative study of two monitoring methods
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Olive and grass pollen grains are the major causes of hay fever in the Mediterranean region. A number of samplers and methods have been developed in recent years in order to obtain reliable data regarding airborne allergen concentrations. This paper reports on a detailed comparison of two samplers—Cyclone and ChemVol—and on the parameters that could influence their efficiency. Airborne concentrations of two key olive and grass allergens, Ole e 1 and Phl p 5, respectively, were monitored over two years with different weather patterns, 2012 and 2014. Allergenic particles were quantified by ELISA assay, and results were compared with pollen concentrations monitored using a Hirst-type volumetric spore trap over the same study periods. The influence of weather-related parameters on local airborne pollen and allergen concentrations was also analysed. Although a positive correlation was detected between results obtained using the two samplers during the pollen season, results for the cumulative annual Allergen Index varied considerably. The two samplers revealed a positive correlation between pollen concentrations and both minimum temperature during the warmer year (2012) and maximum temperature during the cooler year (2014); a negative significant correlation was observed in both cases with rainfall and relative humidity. In summary, although some differences were observed between the two samplers studied, both may be regarded as suitable for allergen detection.
KeywordsOlive Grass Aeroallergens Cyclone sampler ChemVol sampler Airborne pollen
This study was partly supported by Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad I + D + I “RETOS INVESTIGACIÓN” under Project “Study on phenological trends in plants of Western Mediterranean and its relation to climate change (FENOMED)”. The authors would like to thank the technical support of SCAI (Central Service Support Research) of University of Córdoba.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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