, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 293–305 | Cite as

First report of airborne pollen in Santa Rosa, La Pampa, Argentina: a 2-year survey

  • V. E. Caramuti
  • O. A. Naab
  • M. G. Murray
Original Paper


The aim of this study was to determine the qualitative and quantitative composition of the airborne pollen of Santa Rosa city, La Pampa (Argentina), and to analyse the seasonal behaviour of the pollen types that have the highest representation in the atmosphere. The city, with temperate climate, is located in a cultivated area that corresponds phytogeographically to a xerophytic forest limiting with grasslands. The pollen sampling was performed using a Hirst-type volumetric spore trap located in the urban centre of the city, 15 m above ground level, from July 2007–June 2009. The annual pollen index was 51,647 pollen grains. The airborne pollen consisted of 73 pollen types, 42 of woody origin represented 66 % of the total and with winter-spring seasonality and 31 were of herbaceous origin, which represented 30 % of the total and with spring-summer seasonality. The composition of the woody airborne pollen reflected the formation of urban vegetation, consisting mainly of exotic taxa from tree species used in urban tree alignment. The most abundant types were as follows: Cupressaceae, Fraxinus, Ulmus, Olea europaea, Styphnolobium japonicum, Myrtaceae, Pinaceae, Platanus, Celtis- Morus and Populus. Native components such as Condalia microphylla were also found, indicating the ‘Espinal’ phytogeographical province that was typical of the area. The most abundant herbaceous airborne pollen types, in descending order, were as follows: Poaceae, Amaranthus-Chenopodiaceae, Urticaceae, Brassicaceae and Asteraceae. The emission sources of these pollen types were weeds that grew spontaneously in parks, waste grounds and flower beds of the city.


Airborne pollen Urban monitoring station Volumetric sampler Native species Argentina 



This research work was funded by the Science, Technology and Extension Unit, Faculty of Agriculture, University of La Pampa, Argentina.


  1. Asher, M. I., Montefort, S., Bjorksten, B., Lai, C. K., Strachan, D. P., Weiland, S. K., et al. (2006). Worlwide time trends in the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhino conjunctivitis and eczema in childhood: ISAAC phases one and three repeat multicounty cross-sectional surveys. The Lancet, 368, 733–743.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bianchi, M. M., & Olabuenaga, S. (2006). A three-year airborne pollen and spores record in San Carlos de Bariloche, Patagonia, Argentina. Aerobiologia, 22, 247–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bryant, W. M., Jr. (1989). Year book of science and future. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc.Google Scholar
  4. Cabrera, A. L. (1994). Regiones Fitogeográficas Argentinas. Enc. Arg. Agr. y Jard. Tomo II, Fasc. 1. Buenos Aires: Acmé.Google Scholar
  5. Cariñanos, P., Galan, C., Alcázar, P., & Domínguez, E. (2004). Airborne pollen records response to climatic conditions in arid areas of Iberian Peninsula. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 52, 11–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cecchi, L. (2013). Pollen-related allergic diseases. In M. Sofiev & K. Bergmann (Eds.), Allergenic pollen. A review of the production, release, distribution and health impacts (pp. 1–7). Germany: Springer.Google Scholar
  7. Cecchi, L., D’Amato, G., Ayres, J. G., Galán, C., Forastiere, F., Forsberg, B., et al. (2010). Projections of the effects of climate change on allergic asthma: The contribution of aerobiology. Allergy, 65, 1073–1081.Google Scholar
  8. D’Antoni, H. L., & Markgraf, V. (1978). Pollen flora of Argentina. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
  9. Dahl, Å., Galán, C., Hajkova, L., Pauling, A., Sikoparija, B., Smith, M., et al. (2013). The onset, course and intensity of the pollen season. In M. Sofiev & K. Bergmann (Eds.), Allergenic pollen. A review of the production, release, distribution and health impacts (pp. 29–70). Germany: Springer.Google Scholar
  10. Erdtman, G. (1952). Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy. Angiosperms (An Introduction to Palynology). Netherlands: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  11. Frenz, D. A. (2000). Interpreting atmospheric pollen counts for use in clinical allergy: Allergic symptomology. Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 86, 150–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Galán Soldevilla, C., Cariñanos González, P., Alcázar Teno, P., & Domínguez Vilches, E. (2007). Manual de calidad y gestión de la Red Española de Aerobiología. Córdoba: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Córdoba.Google Scholar
  13. Galán, C., Emberlin, J., Domínguez, E., Bryant, R. H., & Villamandos, F. (1995). A comparative analysis of daily variations in the Gramineae pollen counts at Córdoba, Spain and London, UK. Grana, 34, 189–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. García, M. E., & Nitiu, D. S. (2012). Registro polínico arbóreo en la atmósfera de la ciudad de San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina–Agosto a Noviembre 2006. Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica, 47(1–2), 23–31.Google Scholar
  15. Gattuso, S., Gattuso, M., Lusardi, M., McCargo, J., Scandizzi, A., Di Sapio, O., et al. (2003a). Polen aéreo, monitoreo diario volumétrico en la ciudad de Rosario. Parte I: árboles y arbustos. Archivos de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica, 34(1), 22–27.Google Scholar
  16. Gattuso, S., Gattuso, M., Lusardi, M., McCargo, J., Scandizzi, A., Cortadi, A., et al. (2003b). Polen aéreo, monitoreo diario volumétrico en la ciudad de Rosario. Parte II: Hierbas, Poaceae y Ciperaceae. Archivos de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica, 34(2), 36–40.Google Scholar
  17. Grant Smith, E. (1990). Sampling and indentifying allergenic pollens and molds. An illustrated identification manual for air samplers. San Antonio, Texas: Blewstone Press.Google Scholar
  18. Herraiz Ballestero, L., & Monticelli, J. V. (1943). Polinosis. Buenos Aires: Librería Hachette S.A.Google Scholar
  19. Lahitte, H. B., Hurrel, J. A., & Valla, J. J. (1999). Árboles urbanos. Biota Rioplatense IV. Buenos Aires: Literature of Latin America.Google Scholar
  20. Latorre, F., & Caccavari, M. A. (2009). Airborne pollen patterns in Mar del Plata atmosphere (Argentina) and its relationship with meteorological conditions. Aerobiologia, 25, 297–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Latorre, F., & Caccavari, M. A. (2010). Pollen diversity in the air of Diamante (Entre Ríos, Argentina). Scientia Interfluvius, 1(1–2), 7–17.Google Scholar
  22. Latorre, F., & Pérez, C. F. (1997). One year of airborne pollen sampling in Mar del Plata (Argentina). Grana, 36, 49–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Murray, M. G., Sonaglioni, M. I., & Villamil, C. B. (2002). Annual variation of airborne pollen in the city of Bahía Blanca, Argentina. Grana, 41, 183–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Murray, M. G., Scoffield, R. L., Galán, C., & Villamil, C. B. (2007). Airborne pollen sampling in a wildlife reserve in the south of Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Aerobiologia, 23, 107–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Murray, M. G., Galán, C., & Villamil, C. B. (2010). Airborne pollen in Bahía Blanca, Argentina: Seasonal distribution of pollen types. Aerobiologia, 26, 195–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Naab, O. A. (1999). Lluvia polínica actual en el Parque Nacional Lihue-Calel, La Pampa, Argentina. Asoc. Paleontol. Arg., X Simp. Arg. Paleobot. Palinol. Publ. Esp., 6, 85–89.Google Scholar
  27. Nitiu, D. S. (2006). Aeropalynological analysis of La Plata City (Argentina) during a 3-year period. Aerobiologia, 22, 79–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nitiu, D. S., & Romero, E. (2002). Characterización aeropalinológica de la atmósfera de la ciudad de La Plata. Vinculación con alergias respiratorias. Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica, 37(1–2), 79–85.Google Scholar
  29. Nitiu, D. S., Mallo, A. C., & Romero, E. J. (2003). Quantitative aeropalynology in the atmosphere of Buenos Aires city, Argentina. Aerobiologia, 19, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Noetinger, M., & Romero, E. J. (1997). Monitoreo diario y volumétrico del polen atmosférico en la ciudad de Buenos Aires. Boletín de la Sociedad Argentina de Botánica, 32(3–4), 185–194.Google Scholar
  31. Prentice, I. C. (1985). Pollen representation, source area, and basis size: Toward a unified theory of pollen analysis. Quaternary Research, 23, 76–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Prina, A. (1995). Las Crucíferas de la Provincia de La Pampa. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomia Universidad Nacional de La Pampa, 8(2), 29–67.Google Scholar
  33. Reille, M. (1992). Pollen et spores d’Europe et d′Afrique du Nord. France: Laboratoire de Botanique Historique et Palylologie.Google Scholar
  34. Rojas Villegas, G., & Roure Nolla, J. M. (2001). Atmospheric pollen in Santiago, Chile. Grana, 40, 126–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rúgolo de Agrasar, Z. E., Steibel, P. E., & Troiani, H. O. (2005). Manual ilustrado de las gramíneas de la provincia de La Pampa. Río Cuarto: Universidad Nacional de La Pampa, Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto.Google Scholar
  36. Scheifinger, H., Belmonte, J., Buters, J., Celenk, S., Damialis, A., Dechamp, C., et al. (2013). Monitoring, modelling and forecasting of the pollen season. In M. Sofiev & K. Bergmann (Eds.), Allergenic pollen. A review of the production, release, distribution and health impacts (pp. 71–126). Germany: Springer.Google Scholar
  37. Steibel, P. E. (1986). Las Quenopodiáceas de la Provincia de La Pampa. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomia Universidad Nacional de La Pampa, 2(1), 13–37.Google Scholar
  38. Tejera, L., & Beri, A. (2005). First volumetric airborne pollen sampling in Montevideo City, Uruguay. Aerobiologia, 21, 33–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Troiani, H. O., & Steibel, P. E. (1999). Sinopsis de las Compuestas (Compositae Giseke) de la provincial de La Pampa, República Argentina. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomia Universidad Nacional de La Pampa, 10(1), 1–86.Google Scholar
  40. Vergamini, S. M., Valencia-Barrera, R. M., de Antoni, Catarina., Zoppas, B., Pérez Morales, C., & Fernández-González, D. (2006). Pollen from tree and shub taxa in the atmosphere of Caxias do Sul (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil). Aerobiologia, 22, 143–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Vergara, G. T., & Casagrande, G. A. (2012). Estadísticas agroclimáticas de la Facultad de Agronomía, Santa Rosa, La Pampa, Argentina. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomia Universidad Nacional de La Pampa, 13(1–2), 1–74.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Facultad de AgronomíaUniversidad Nacional de La PampaSanta RosaArgentina
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Diversidad de Plantas Vasculares, Departamento de Biología, Bioquímica y FarmaciaUniversidad Nacional del Sur and INBIOSUR (CONICET-UNS)Bahía BlancaArgentina

Personalised recommendations