Prussian carp Carassius gibelio: a silent invader arriving to the Iberian Peninsula
In the last decades, the invasive Prussian carp, Carassius gibelio, has been detected in most of the European countries. The Prussian carp has been undetected in many European countries since it is morphologically indistinct from the long-established goldfish Carassius auratus. In this study, genetic markers were used to identify the Prussian carp in several locations of the Iberian Peninsula (Portugal and Spain). The presence of polyploid C. gibelio is confirmed for the first time in Iberian Peninsula, in four large river systems (Guadalquivir, Guadiana, Tagus and Douro). The introduction of C. gibelio to these Iberian drainages is discussed in light of the potential vector to the Iberian Peninsula.
KeywordsSilent invader Cytochrome b Prussian carp Carassius auratus complex Spain Portugal
The Portuguese Science Foundation supported F. Ribeiro (SFRH/BPD/46761/2008). The authors appreciate the help of A. Veríssimo during fish sampling. We are also thankful to O. Weyl who greatly impoved an early version of this manuscipt. Work was supported by the Grant Agency of Czech University of Life Sciences Prague (CIGA) Project No. 20132016.
- Caffrey JM, Baars JR, Barbour JH, Boets P, Boon P, Davenport K, Dick JTA, Early J, Edsman L, Gallagher C, Gross J, Heinimaa P, Horrill C, Hudin S, Hulme PH, Hynes S, MacIsaac HJ, McLoone P, Millane M, Moen TL, Moore N, Newman J, O’Conchuir R, O’Farrell M, O’Flynn C, Oidtmann B, Renals T, Ricciardi A, Roy H, Shaw R, van Valkenburg JLCH, Wey O, Williams F, Lucy FE (2014) Tackling invasive alien species in Europe: the top 20 issues. Manag Biol Invasions 5:1–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Copp GH, Bianco PG, Bogutskaya NG, Eros T, Falka I, Ferreira MT, Fox MG, Freyhof J, Gozlan RE, Grabowska J, Kováč V, Moreno-Amich R, Naseka AM, Peňáz M, Povź M, Przybylski M, Robillard M, Russell IC, Stakenas S, Šumer S, Vila-Gispert A, Wiesner C (2005) To be, or not to be, a non-native freshwater fish? J Appl Ichthyol 21:242–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Daněk T, Kalous L, Veselý T, Krásová E, Reschová S, Rylková K, Kulich P, Petrtýl M, Pokorová D, Knytl M (2012) Massive mortality of Prussian carp Carassius gibelio in the upper Elbe basin associated with herpesviral hematopoietic necrosis (CyHV-2). Dis Aquat Org 102:87–95CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Hall TA (1999) Bioedit: a user friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser 41:95–98Google Scholar
- Hensel K (1971) Some notes on systematic status of Carassius auratus gibelio (Bloch, 1782) with further record of this fish from the Danube river in Czechoslovakia. Věstník Československé Společnosti Zoologické XXXV(3):186–198Google Scholar
- Kalous L, Bohlen J, Rylková K, Petrtýl M (2012) Hidden diversity within the Prussian carp and designation of the neotype for Carassius gibelio (Teleostei: cyprinidae). Ichthyol Explor Freshw 23:11–18Google Scholar
- Kalous L, Musil J, Petrtýl M, Vajglová T, Romočuský Š, Bušta L (2013) The danger in the anglers’ bucket: qualitative and quantitative insight into bait fish market in Prague (Czech Republic). Acta Soc Zool Bohem 77:27–35Google Scholar
- Kottelat M, Freyhof J (2007) Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Kottelat, CornolGoogle Scholar
- Swofford DL (2000) PAUP. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (and other methods). Version 4. Sinauer Associates, SunderlandGoogle Scholar
- Villesen P (2007) FaBox: an online fast sequence toolbox. http://www.birc.au.dk/software/fabox