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Adsorption

pp 1–11 | Cite as

Application of elevated temperature pressure swing adsorption in hydrogen production from syngas

  • Xuancan Zhu
  • Peixuan Hao
  • Yixiang Shi
  • Shuang LiEmail author
  • Ningsheng Cai
Article
  • 64 Downloads

Abstract

A clean and energy-efficient power system can be developed by the combination of hydrogen (as an energy carrier) and fuel cells (as power generation units); such system has the potential to compete with the current energy consumption pattern of direct combustion of fossil fuels. A novel CO/CO2 purification process, called the elevated-temperature pressure swing adsorption (ET-PSA), is coupled into an integrated gasification fuel cell (IGFC) power plant system in this work. A quantitative evaluation standard for the purification energy consumption is developed by considering both the net power efficiency loss of the IGFC after introducing the purification unit, and the total CO/CO2 removal rate. The sensible heat loss of syngas and the thermal regeneration of the saturated adsorbents are avoided; consequently, the calculated energy consumption of the ET-PSA (1.11 MJ/kg) process using the ideal purification unit as the base case is 36.2% lower than of the conventional solvent absorption method. Alternatively, high-temperature steam is consumed in the ET-PSA process during the rinse and purge steps, which leads to a decrease in the output power of the steam turbine. The purification energy consumption of the ET-PSA process can be further reduced either by increasing the hydrogen recovery ratio or by reducing the total steam consumption.

Keywords

Elevated-temperature pressure swing adsorption Hydrogen production Energy consumption Process optimization Integrated gasification fuel cell 

Abbreviations

E

Specific CO/CO2 removal rate (kg/kWhe)

HR

Heat rate (kJ/kWhe)

G

Mass flow rate (kg/s)

p

Pressure (MPa)

T

Temperature (°C)

η

Net power efficiency (%)

CCS

Carbon capture and storage

DOE

Department of energy

ET-PSA

Elevated temperature pressure swing adsorption

HP

Hydrogen purity

HRR

Hydrogen recovery ratio

HRSG

Heat recovery steam generator

IGCC

Integrated gasification combined cycle

IGFC

Integrated gasification fuel cell

NT-PSA

Normal temperature pressure swing adsorption

PEMFC

Proton exchange membrane fuel cell

P/F ratio

Purge-to-feed ratio

REF

Reference case

R/F ratio

Rinse-to-feed ratio

SOFC

Solid oxide fuel cell

SPECCA

Specific primary energy consumption for carbon avoided

WGS

Water gas shift

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research was financed by the National Key Research Development Program of China (2018YFC0810001), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51806120), the National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talent (BX20190198), the National Science Foundation for Post-doctoral Scientists of China (2017M610890), and the Seed Fund of Shanxi Research Institute for Clean Energy, Tsinghua University.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineer of Ministry of Education, Department of Energy and Power EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Power Mechanical EngineeringInstitute of Refrigeration and Cryogenics, MOE China, Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

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