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Adsorption

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 241–250 | Cite as

Exfoliation and europium(III)-functionalization of α-titanium phosphate via propylamine intercalation: from multilayer assemblies to single nanosheets

  • Jorge García-Glez
  • Camino Trobajo
  • Alaa Adawy
  • Zakariae AmghouzEmail author
Article
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

Layered α-titanium phosphate intercalated with propylamine, Ti(HPO4)2·2C3H7NH2·H2O (α-TiPPr), has been synthesized by solid-vapour reaction and then exfoliated via a single-stage approach based on overnight stirring in aqueous medium. The obtained nanosheets were then functionalized using solid–liquid reaction with europium(III) nitrate aqueous solutions. The obtained materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms at 77 K, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM, SAED, STEM-EDX), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL). The europium(III) sorption takes place via two distinct pathways, the first is the previously reported C3H7NH3+/[Eu(H2O)6]3+ ion-exchange process into the titanium–phosphate interlayer space of the multilayered α-TiPPr. The second pathway is the self-assembly of single-sheets which is provoked by electrostatic interactions between the negatively charged titanium–phosphate sheets and the Eu(III)-aqueous cations, leading to the formation of layered nanoparticles.

Keywords

Titanium phosphate Propylamine Exfoliation Europium Luminescence 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support from Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MAT2013-40950-R and MAT2016-78155-C2-1-R) and Gobierno del Principado de Asturias (GRUPIN14-060), and FEDER funding are acknowledged. The authors acknowledge the help of the technical scientist, in particular, Beatriz Ramajo Escalera, at the Scientific and Technical Services, University of Oviedo, Spain.

Supplementary material

10450_2019_133_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.3 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 1376 kb)

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Organic and Inorganic ChemistryUniversity of Oviedo-CINNOviedoSpain
  2. 2.Laboratory of HRTEM, Scientific and Technical ServicesUniversity of Oviedo-CINNOviedoSpain
  3. 3.Department of Materials Science and Metallurgical EngineeringUniversity of OviedoGijónSpain

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