, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 13–31 | Cite as

Equilibrium adsorption of bioethanol from aqueous solution by synthesized silicalite adsorbents: experimental and modeling

  • Meysam Hajilari
  • Ahmad ShariatiEmail author
  • Mohammadreza Khosravi-Nikou


In this study, three silicalite adsorbents (silicalite a, silicalite b and silicalite c) for ethanol adsorption from aqueous phase were synthesized using tetraethylorthosilicate, Ludax solution and a new organic silica source, Tabasheer, respectively. Tetrapropylammonium hydroxide was used as primary structure directing agent and starch as secondary structure directing agent. XRD, BET, FT-IR and FE-SEM were used to characterize synthesized adsorbents. Single component adsorption for ethanol and water was investigated by non-adsorbing solvent concept. Binary adsorption isotherms of both components were also experimentally measured. A model based on real adsorbed solution theory was developed to predict experimental adsorption data. The XRD characterization confirmed that all silicalite adsorbents have the same MFI-type structure. FE-SEM results revealed that the different silica sources have impact on surface area and morphology. The BET surface area for adsorbents is in order of silicalite c > silicalite a > silicalite b. However, uptake rate toward ethanol is in order of silicalite a > silicalite c > silicalite b. The model based on real adsorbed solution theory predicted experimental adsorption isotherm data very well. In addition, results revealed that the binary adsorption uptake is lower than single component adsorption.


Silicalite Equilibrium adsorption Real adsorbed solution theory Single component adsorption Non-adsorbing solvent 

List of symbols


Adjustable parameter of NRTL model


Equilibrium concentration (g/gsol)


Initial concentration of component i in the mixture


Equilibrium concentrations of component i in the liquid mixture contacting the adsorbent.


Concentration of solute i at equilibrium in bulk phase liquid


Equilibrium single-solute ith adsorbed at the same temperature and spreading pressure of the system


Langmuir isotherm constant (gsol/g)


Total mass adsorbed


Mass of initial liquid solution added to the flask


Mass of liquid mixture that removed after equilibrium


Mass of remaining liquid in contact with adsorbent after \({m_{l,R}}\) liquid is removed


Initial mass of solute added to the sample


Mass of isooctane added to sample


Mass of adsorbent added to the vial.


Number of data point


Adsorbed amount of each component


Total number of pure component i adsorbed at the same spreading pressure and temperature of mixture


Amount of adsorbate A adsorbed into the adsorbent (g/gads)


Amount of solute adsorbed


Single component adsorption isotherm equation

\({q_{i,\exp }}\)

Value of experimental data point


Value of model prediction


Maximum adsorption loading (g/gads)


Adsorbent volume


Liquid mixture volume


Total volume of the flask


Ethanol mass fraction in bulk liquid phase


Water mass fraction in bulk liquid phase


Water mass fraction in adsorbed phase


Ethanol mass fraction in adsorbed phase


Initial total mass of liquid mixture (g)


Mass of adsorbent (g)


Weight fraction of solute in blank sample


Equilibrium liquid mole fraction of component i


Initial liquid mole fraction of component i


Weight fraction of solute in adsorbent sample vial


Mole fraction of species i adsorbed inside solid pores

Greek symbols


Separation factor on mass basis


Adjustable parameter of NRTL model


Spreading pressure


Surface excess (mole/g)

\(\gamma _{i}^{L}\)

Activity coefficient of species i in bulk phase at system temperature

\(\gamma _{i}^{{Ls}}\)

Activity coefficient of species i in fluid inside solid pores

\(\mu _{i}^{L}\)

Chemical potential of species i in bulk liquid phase

\(\mu _{i}^{{Ls}}\)

Chemical potential in liquids inside the solid pores.

\({\rho _a}\)

Density of the adsorbent (g/cm3)

\({\rho _l}\)

Density of the liquid (g/cm3)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gas Engineering Department, Ahvaz Faculty of PetroleumPetroleum University of TechnologyAhvazIran

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