, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 51–62 | Cite as

Pure and M-doped (M=Zn, Cu, Ni, Co) cadmium oxide nanosheets, novel adsorbents for the adsorption of ethyl benzene and ortho, meta, para xylene: a theoretical study

  • Davood FarmanzadehEmail author
  • Azadeh Valipour


The electronic and structural properties investigation of pure and zinc, copper, nickel, cobalt doped cadmium oxide nanosheets (CdONS) and the adsorption of ethyl benzene (EB) and ortho- meta- para xylene (OX, MX, PX) on these nanosheets were studied by density functional theory calculations. The adsorption energy, charge transfer, energy gap, spatial distribution of HOMO and LUMO orbitals and electron density scheme of ethyl benzene and ortho, meta, para xylene molecules on pure and doped CdONS are calculated. The obtained results show that the adsorption energy value increases after doping Zn, Cu, Ni and Co atoms in oxygen substituted state, especially in NiOCdONS and CoOCdONS. The adsorption energy of EB, OX, MX and PX on NiOCdONS and CoOCdONS is about − 260 kJ/mol whereas its value on pure CdONS is approximately − 100 kJ/mol. In comparison with pure CdONS, the adsorption energy of the molecules on MCdCdONS, decreases except in NiCdCdONS. The adsorption energy of OX, MX and PX on NiCdCdONS is − 263.12, − 150.94 and − 151.85 kJ/mol, respectively. Also, the results show that the value of energy gap increases after the adsorption of EB, OX, MX and PX on CoOCdONS, therefore, CoOCdONS can be proposed as proper adsorbent and sensor for these molecules.


Cadmium oxide nanosheet Ethyl benzene Xylene Density functional theory Adsorption 



The authors acknowledge the supports by University of Mazandaran as research facilities and financial grants.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1773 KB)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of MazandaranBabolsarIran

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