High-temperature hydrothermal synthesis of magnetically active, ordered mesoporous resin and carbon monoliths with reusable adsorption for organic dye
- 709 Downloads
Magnetically active, thermally stable, and ordered mesoporous resin (MOMR-200) and carbon (MOMC-200) monoliths were prepared by one-pot hydrothermal synthesis from resol, copolymer surfactant, and iron cations at high-temperature (200 ∘C), followed by calcination at 360 ∘C and carbonization at 600 ∘C. X-ray diffraction results show that both MOMR-200 and MOMC-200 have ordered hexagonal mesoporous symmetry, and N2 isotherms indicate that these samples have uniform mesopores (3.71, 3.45 nm), high surface area (328, 621 m2/g) and large pore volume (0.31, 0.43 cm3/g). Transmission electron microscopy shows that iron nanoparticles, which are superparamagnetic in nature, are dispersed in the network. More importantly, the high temperature (200 ∘C) products exhibit much better stability than the samples synthesized at low temperature (100 ∘C). Interestingly, MOMC-200 has higher adsorption capacity for organic dyes when compared with commercial adsorbents (activated carbon and macroporous resin: XAD-4). Combining the advantages such as magnetically active, thermally stable networks, ordered and open mesopores, high surface area, large pore volume, adsorption of pollutants in water and desorption in ethanol solvent, MOMC-200 is potentially important for water treatments.
KeywordsHigh temperature synthesis Ordered mesoporous carbon Magnetically active Adsorption Stability
This work is supported by the State Basic Research Project of China (2009CB623507) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (20973079).
- Han, Y., Li, D.F., Zhao, L., Song, J.W., Yang, X.Y., Li, N., Di, Y., Li, C.J., Wu, S., Xu, X.Z., Meng, X.J., Lin, K.F., Xiao, F.S.: High-temperature generalized synthesis of stable ordered mesoporous silica-based materials by using fluorocarbon-hydrocarbon surfactant mixtures. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 42, 3633–3637 (2003) CrossRefGoogle Scholar