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Adsorption

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 39–47 | Cite as

High-temperature hydrothermal synthesis of magnetically active, ordered mesoporous resin and carbon monoliths with reusable adsorption for organic dye

  • Fujian Liu
  • Hao Zhang
  • Longfeng Zhu
  • Yanmei Liao
  • Faisal Nawaz
  • Xiangju Meng
  • Feng-Shou XiaoEmail author
Article

Abstract

Magnetically active, thermally stable, and ordered mesoporous resin (MOMR-200) and carbon (MOMC-200) monoliths were prepared by one-pot hydrothermal synthesis from resol, copolymer surfactant, and iron cations at high-temperature (200 C), followed by calcination at 360 C and carbonization at 600 C. X-ray diffraction results show that both MOMR-200 and MOMC-200 have ordered hexagonal mesoporous symmetry, and N2 isotherms indicate that these samples have uniform mesopores (3.71, 3.45 nm), high surface area (328, 621 m2/g) and large pore volume (0.31, 0.43 cm3/g). Transmission electron microscopy shows that iron nanoparticles, which are superparamagnetic in nature, are dispersed in the network. More importantly, the high temperature (200 C) products exhibit much better stability than the samples synthesized at low temperature (100 C). Interestingly, MOMC-200 has higher adsorption capacity for organic dyes when compared with commercial adsorbents (activated carbon and macroporous resin: XAD-4). Combining the advantages such as magnetically active, thermally stable networks, ordered and open mesopores, high surface area, large pore volume, adsorption of pollutants in water and desorption in ethanol solvent, MOMC-200 is potentially important for water treatments.

Keywords

High temperature synthesis Ordered mesoporous carbon Magnetically active Adsorption Stability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the State Basic Research Project of China (2009CB623507) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (20973079).

Supplementary material

10450_2012_9408_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (85 kb)
(PDF 85 kB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fujian Liu
    • 1
  • Hao Zhang
    • 2
  • Longfeng Zhu
    • 2
  • Yanmei Liao
    • 3
  • Faisal Nawaz
    • 2
  • Xiangju Meng
    • 3
  • Feng-Shou Xiao
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Applied Chemistry, Department of ChemistryShaoxing UniversityShaoxingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry and College of ChemistryJilin UniversityChangchunP.R. China
  3. 3.Key Lab of Applied Chemistry of Zhejiang Province, Department of ChemistryZhejiang University (XiXi Campus)HangzhouChina

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