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Adsorption

, Volume 16, Issue 4–5, pp 359–375 | Cite as

Studies of adsorption equilibria and kinetics of o-, m-, p-nitro- and chlorophenols on microporous carbons from aqueous solutions

  • Anna Derylo-MarczewskaEmail author
  • Katarzyna Miroslaw
  • Adam W. Marczewski
  • Dariusz Sternik
Open Access
Article

Abstract

The studies of adsorption of o-, m-, and p-nitrophenols and chlorophenols from aqueous solutions on microporous activated carbon are presented. The adsorption isotherms were measured at different temperatures: 288, 298, 308 and 318 K. The thermal analysis was applied in order to find the differences in solute interactions with adsorbent surface. The kinetic dependences were measured and the relations between position of adsorbate functional groups and adsorption rate were discussed. The adsorption data are analyzed in terms of the theory of physical adsorption on energetically non-homogeneous solids. The relations between the adsorbate structure and adsorption effectiveness, and the influence of temperature are discussed.

Keywords

Adsorption from solutions Adsorption equilibria and kinetics Microporous carbon 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Derylo-Marczewska
    • 1
    Email author
  • Katarzyna Miroslaw
    • 1
  • Adam W. Marczewski
    • 1
  • Dariusz Sternik
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ChemistryM. Curie-Skłodowska UniversityLublinPoland

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