Advertisement

Adsorption

, Volume 13, Issue 3–4, pp 267–279 | Cite as

Novel zeolite composites and consequences for rapid sorption processes

  • Alfons Brandt
  • Martin BülowEmail author
  • Anna Deryło-Marczewska
  • Jacek Goworek
  • Jens Schmeißer
  • Wolfgang Schöps
  • Baldur Unger
Article

Abstract

Novel sorbents for rapid dynamic sorption processes based on the concept of sorption-active shell/sorption-inert core composite granules are presented. Tailoring such composites to a technical sorption process is exemplified by NaX and LiLSX zeolites as sorption-active components. Composite granules are characterized by various techniques specifically by oxygen-VPSA pilot-scale tests and liquid-phase sorption experiments. The composite sorbents exhibit excellent potential for efficiency enhancement of existing processes by lowering investment and operating costs.

Keywords

Gas-phase and liquid-phase sorption Oxygen VPSA Mixtures of non-electrolytes Cu2+-ion kinetics Zeolites NaX and LiLSX Zeolite-sorbent shapes Composites Sorption-inert cores Granulation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. API (American Petroleum Institute): Recommended Practices for Testing High-Strength Propants Used in Hydraulic Fracturing Operations, RP 60 (1995) Google Scholar
  2. Atkinson, T., Bülow, M., Fitch, F.R., Doong, Sh.-J., Hirooka, E., Ambriano, J., Petras, R.: Advances in VSA technology for on-site oxygen production. BOC Technol. (2), 29–36 (1995) Google Scholar
  3. Brandt, A., Lübke, M., Schmeißer, J., Schöps, W., Tschritter, H., Unger, B.: Ceramic absorption-desorption body for dynamic separation of two gases as used in pressure- and temperature-change absorption process. DE Patent Appl. 102 13 922 (2004) Google Scholar
  4. Bücheler, M., Schmoll, J., Metzger, K.-L., Luchtenberg, H.: Verfahren zur kontinuierlichen Herstellung von sphärischen Granulaten. DE Patent 36 23 321 A1 (1988) Google Scholar
  5. Bülow, M., Shen, D.: Transport properties of oxygen and nitrogen in CaA-type zeolites. In: Rozwadowski, M. (ed.) Proc. 3nd Polish-German Zeolite Colloquium, pp. 285–294. Nicholas Copernicus University Press, Torun (1998) Google Scholar
  6. Bülow, M., Shen, D.: Mobility of nitrogen in Li,RE-LSX zeolite beads. Stud. Surf. Sci. Catal. 154B, 2070–2077 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bülow, M., Micke, A., Murray, J.W.: Molecular mobility of oxygen in CaA-type zeolite. In: LeVan, M.D., Knaebel, K.S. (eds.) Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Fundam. of Adsorption, pp. 139–147. Kluwer, Norwell (1996) Google Scholar
  8. Chao, C.-C.: Process for separating nitrogen from mixtures thereof with less polar substances. US Pat. 4,859,217 (1989) Google Scholar
  9. Chao, C.-C., Pontonio, S.: Advanced adsorbent for PSA. WO Pat. 99/43415 (1999) Google Scholar
  10. Coe, C.G., Kirner, J.F., Pierantozzi, R., White, T.R.: Nitrogen adsorption with a divalent cation exchanged lithium X-zeolite. US Pat. 5,258,058 (1993) Google Scholar
  11. Fitch, F.R., Bülow, M., Ojo, A.F.: Adsorptive separation of nitrogen from other gases. US Pat. 5,464,467 (1995) Google Scholar
  12. Goworek, J., Bülow, M.: Unpublished results (2005) Google Scholar
  13. Hirano, Sh., Kawamoto, T., Nishimura, T., Yoshimura, K.: Adsorbent for separating gases. Europ. Pat. 0 940 174 A2 (1990) Google Scholar
  14. Ho, Y.S., McKay, G.: The sorption of lead (II) ions on peat. Water Res. 33, 578–584 (1999) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kawamoto, T., Nishimura, T., Yoshimura, T.: X-Zeolite bead compact and its production. Jap. Pat. 11 2 46 282 (1999) Google Scholar
  16. Kumar, R.: Vacuum swing adsorption process for oxygen production—a historical perspective. Sep. Sci. Technol. 31, 877–893 (1996) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lagergren, S.: Zur Theorie der sogenannten Adsorption gelöster Stoffe. Kungl. Svenska Vettenskapsakad. Handl. 24, 1–39 (1898) Google Scholar
  18. Lü, Y., Bülow, M.: Analysis of diffusion in hollow geometries. Adsorption 6, 125–136 (2000) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lü, Y., Bülow, M., Shen, D., Acharya, D., Andrecovich, M.J., Fitch, F.R., Ojo, A.F.: Composite adsorbent beads for the pressure swing adsorption processes. US Pat. 6,284,021 B1 (2001a) Google Scholar
  20. Lü, Y., Bülow, M., Doong, Sh.-J., Shen, D., Acharya, D., Andrecovich, M.J., Fitch, F.R., Ojo, A.F.: Gas separation process using composite or hollow adsorbent beads particles. Europ. Pat. 1 080 771 A1 (2001b) Google Scholar
  21. Lü, Y., Doong, Sh.-J., Bülow, M.: Pressure-swing adsorption using layered adsorbent beds with different adsorption properties:—experimental investigation. Adsorption 10, 267–275 (2004) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. MacKee, D.W.: Separation of oxygen-containing mixture. US Pat. 3,140,933 (1964) Google Scholar
  23. Marczewski, A.W.: Kinetics and equilibrium of adsorption of organic solutes on mesoporous carbons. Appl. Surf. Sci. 253, 5818–5826 (2007) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Monereau, Ch., Moreau, S., Ming, S.L.: Utilization d’un adsorbant particulaire non-homogene dans un procede de separation de gaz. French Pat. 2,794,993 A1 (2000) Google Scholar
  25. Ravikovich, P.I., Bülow, M.: Unpublished results (2005) Google Scholar
  26. Reiß, G.: Status and development of oxygen generation processes on molecular sieve zeolites. Gas Sep. Purif. 8, 95–99 (1994) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tang, Y., Wang, Y.-J., Wang, X.-D., Yang, W.-L., Gao, Z.: Fabrication of hollow fibers and spheres composed of zeolites by layer-by-layer adsorption method. In: Galarneau, A., Di Renzo, F., Fajula, F., Vedrine, J. (eds.) Zeolites and Mesoporous Materials at the Dawn of the 21st Century: Proceedings of the 13th International Zeolite Conference, Montpellier, France, 8–13 July 2001. Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, vol. 135. Elsevier, Amsterdam (2001) Compact disc version: Paper no. 21-P-06 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfons Brandt
    • 1
  • Martin Bülow
    • 2
    Email author
  • Anna Deryło-Marczewska
    • 3
  • Jacek Goworek
    • 3
  • Jens Schmeißer
    • 4
  • Wolfgang Schöps
    • 4
  • Baldur Unger
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemiewerk Bad Köstritz GmbHBad KöstritzGermany
  2. 2.Ostseebad DierhagenGermany
  3. 3.Faculty of ChemistryMaria Curie Skłodowska UniversityLublinPoland
  4. 4.HITK e.V.HermsdorfGermany

Personalised recommendations