Advertisement

Adsorption

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 317–326 | Cite as

The Equilibrium and Kinetic Modelling of the Biosorption of Copper(II) Ions on Cladophora crispata

  • Ayla ÖZEREmail author
  • Dursun Özer
  • H. İbrahim Ekİz
Article

Abstract

The biosorption of Cu(II) ions on Cladophora crispata was investigated as a function of the initial pH, temperature and initial Cu(II) ion concentration. Algal biomass exhibited the highest Cu(II) uptake capacity at 25C and at the initial pH of 4.5. Equilibrium data fitted very well to both the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. The pseudo second order kinetic model was applied to describe the kinetic data and the rate constants were evaluated in the studied concentration range of Cu(II) ions at all the temperatures studied. The experimental data fitted well to the pseudo second order kinetic model with a high correlation coefficient (R 2 > 0.99), which indicates that the external mass transfer limitations in the system can be neglected and the chemical sorption is the rate-limiting step. The pseudo second order kinetic constants were also used to calculate the activation energy of Cu(II) biosorption.

Keywords

adsorption equilibrium pseudo second order kinetics activation energy 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aksu, Z., Y. Saĝ, and T. Kutsal, “The Biosorption of Copper(II) by C. vulgaris and Z. ramigera,” Environ. Technol., 13, 579–586 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aksu, Z. and S. Tezer, “Equilibrium and Kinetic Modelling of Biosorption of Remazol Black B by R. arrhizus in a Batch System: Effect of Temperature,” Process Biochemistry, 36, 431–439 (2000).Google Scholar
  3. Aksu, Z., “Equilibrium and Kinetic Modelling of Cadmium(II) Biosorption by C. vulgaris in a Batch System: Effect of Temperature,” Separation and Purification Technology, 21, 285–294 (2001).Google Scholar
  4. Akthar, N., S. Sastry, and M. Mohan, “Biosorption of Silver Ions by Processed Aspergillus niger Biomass,” Biotech. Letters, 17, 551–556 (1995).Google Scholar
  5. Allen, S.J. and P.A. Brown, “Isotherm Analysis for Single Component and Multi-Component Metal Sorption onto Lignite,” J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 62, 17–24 (1995).Google Scholar
  6. Anoop Krishnan, K. and T.S. Anirudhan, “Removal of Mercury(II) from Aqueous Solutions and Chlor-Alkali Industry Effluent by Steam Activated and Sulphurised Activated Carbons Prepared from Bagasse Pith: Kinetics and Equilibrium Studiees,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, B92, 161–183 (2002).Google Scholar
  7. Asmal, M, A.H. Khan, S. Ahmad, and A. Ahmad, “Cole of Sawdust in the Removal of Copper(II) from Industrial Wastes,” Water Research, 32, 3085–3091 (1998).Google Scholar
  8. Bedell, G.W. and D.W. Darnall, “Immobilization of Nonviable, Biosorbent, Algal Biomass for the Recovery of Metal Ions,” Biosorption of Heavy Metals, B. Volesky (Ed.), pp. 314–326, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1990.Google Scholar
  9. Benguella, B. and H. Benaissa, “Cadmium Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Chitin: Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies,” Water Research, 36, 2463–2474 (2002).Google Scholar
  10. Chang, J.S., R. Law C.C. Chang,“Biosorption of Lead, Copper and Cadmium by Biomass of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PU21,” Water Research, 31, 1651–1658 (1997).Google Scholar
  11. Chen, P. and Y.P. Ting, “Effect of Heavy Metal Uptake on the Electrokinetic Properties of Saccharomyces cerevisiae,” Biotechnology Letters, 17, 107–112 (1995).Google Scholar
  12. Chiou, M.S. and H.Y. Li, “Equilibrium and Kinetic Modeling of Adsorption of Reactive Dye on Cross-Linked Chitosan Beads,” J of Hazardous Materials, B93, 233–248 (2002).Google Scholar
  13. Crist, R.H., K. Oberholser, N. Shank, and M. Nguyen, “Nature of Bonding Between Metallic Ionc and Algal Cell Walls,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 15, 1212–1217 (1981).Google Scholar
  14. Cruz, C.C.V., A.C. A.da Costa, and A.S. Henriques Cai Luna, “Kinetic Modeling and Equilibrium Studies During Cadmium Biosorption by Dead Sargassum sp. Biomass,” Bioresource Technology, 91, 249–257 (2004).Google Scholar
  15. Darnall D.W., B. Greene, M. Hosea, R.A. McPherson, M. Henzl, and M.D. Alexander, “Recovery of Heavy Metals by Immobilized Algae: In Trace Metal Removal from Aqueous Solutions,” in Industrial Division of the Royal Society of Chemistry Annual Chemical Congress, R. Thomson (Ed.), pp. 1–24, UK, 1986.Google Scholar
  16. Elliott, H.A. and C.P. Huang, “Adsorption Characteristic of Some Cu(II) Complexes on Alumino Silicates,” Water Research, 15, 849–855 (1981).Google Scholar
  17. Esposito, A., F. Pagnelli, and F. Veglio, “pH-Related Equilibria Models for Biosorption in Single Metal Systems,” Chemical Engineering Science, 57, 307–313 (2002).Google Scholar
  18. Friis, N. and P. Myers-Keith, “Biosorption of Uranium and Lead by Streptomyces longwoodensis,” Biotech. and Bioeng., 28, 21–28 (1989).Google Scholar
  19. Holan, Z.R. and B. Volesky, “Biosorption of Lead and Nickel by Biomass of Marine Algae,” Biotech. and Bioeng, 43, 1001–1009 (1994).Google Scholar
  20. Ho, Y.S. and G. McKay, “Pseudo-Second Order Model for Sorption Processes,” Process Biochemistry, 34, 451–465 (1999a).Google Scholar
  21. Ho, Y.S. and G. McKay, “The Sorption of Lead(II) Ions on Peat,” Water Research, 33, 578–584 (1999b).Google Scholar
  22. Ho, Y.S. and G. McKay, “Competitive Sorption of Copper and Nickel Ions from Aqueous Solution Using Peat,” Adsorption, 5, 409–417 (1999c).Google Scholar
  23. Ho, Y.S. and G. McKay, “The Kinetics Sorption of Divalent Metal Ions Onto Sphagnum Moss Peat,” Water Research, 34, 735–742 (2000).Google Scholar
  24. Huang, J.P., C.P. Huang, and A.L, Morehart, “Removal of Heavy Metals by Fungal (Aspergillus oryzae) Adsorption,” Heavy Metals in the Environment, J.P. Vernet (Ed.), pp. 329–349, Elsevier, London, 1991.Google Scholar
  25. Kaewsarn, P., “Biosorption of Copper(II) from Aqueous Solutions by Pre-Treated Biomass of Marine Algae Padina sp.,” Chemosphere, 47, 1081–1085 (2002).Google Scholar
  26. Kratochvil D., E. Fourest and B. Volesky, “Biosorption of Copper by Sargassum fluitans Biomass in a Fixed Bed Column,” Biotechnology Letters, 17, 777–782 (1995).Google Scholar
  27. Manohar, D.M., K. Anoop Krishnan, and T.S. Anirudhan, “Removal of Mercury(II) from Aqueous Solutions and Chlor-Alkali Industry Wastewater Using 2-mercaptobenzimidazole-Clay,” Water Research, 36, 1609–1619 (2002).Google Scholar
  28. Mathialagon, T. and T. Viraraghavan. “Adsorption of Cadmium from Aqueous Solutions by Perlite,” J. Hazardous Material, B94, 291–303 (2002).Google Scholar
  29. Özer, A. and D. Özer, “Modelling of Copper(II) Adsorption by Using Saccharomyces cerevisiae in Batch Stirred Reactors in Series,” Chimica Acta Turcica, 26, 75–80 (1998).Google Scholar
  30. Özer, A., D. Özer, and H.İ. Ekiz, “Application of Freundlich and Langmuir Models to Multistage Purification Process to Remove Heavy Metal Ions by Using Schizomeris leibleinii,” Process Biochemistry, 34, 919–927 (1999).Google Scholar
  31. Palmieri, M.C., O. Jr. Garcia, and P. Melnikov, “Neodymium Biosorption from Acidic Solutions in Batch System,” Process Biochemistry, 36, 441–444 (2000).Google Scholar
  32. Saĝ, Y. and T. Kutsal, “Determination of the Biosorption Heats of Heavy Metal Ions on Zooglea ramigera and Rhizopus arrhizus,” Biochem. Eng. J., 6, 145–151 (2000).Google Scholar
  33. Say, R., A. Denizli, M.Y. Aríca,“Biosorption of Cadmium(II), Lead(II) and Copper(II) with the Filamentous Fungus P. Chrysosporium,” Bioresource Technology, 76, 67–70 (2001).Google Scholar
  34. Scott, J.A. and A.M. Karanjkar, “Adsorption Isotherms and Diffusion Coefficients for Metals Biosorbed by Biofilm Coated Granular Activated Carbon,” Biotechnology Letters, 17, 1267–1270 (1995).Google Scholar
  35. Smith, J.M., Chemical Engineering Kinetics, pp. 314–320, McGraw-Hill, Chemical Engineering Series, Singapore, 1981.Google Scholar
  36. Ting, Y.P., F. Lawson, and I.G. Prince, “Uptake of Cadmium and Zinc by the Alga Chlorella vulgaris Part I: Individual Ion Species,” Biotech. and Bioeng., 34, 990–999 (1989).Google Scholar
  37. Tobin, J.M., D.G. Copper, and R.J. Neufeld, “Uptake of Metal Ions by Rhizopus arrhizus Biomass,” Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 47, 821–824 (1984).Google Scholar
  38. Treybal, R.E., Mass-Transfer Operations, pp. 566–575, McGraw-Hill, Singapore, 1980.Google Scholar
  39. Tsezos, M., S.H. Noh, and M.A. Baird, “Batch Reactor Mass Transfer Kinetic Model for Immobilized Biomass Biosorption,” Biotech. and Bioeng., 32, 545–553 (1988).Google Scholar
  40. Tsezos, M. and B. Volesky, “Biosorption of Uranium and Thorium,” Biotech. and Bioeng., 25, 583–604 (1981).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of MersinMersinTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringFirat UniversityElazíĝTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Food EngineeringUniversity of MersinMersinTurkey

Personalised recommendations