Study Abroad as a Cultural Competence Development Tool: Case Study Honduras
- 123 Downloads
The purpose of this study was to acquire an in-depth understanding of a study abroad experience from a sample of eight participants using a case study approach. The theoretical framework was based on the Multidimensional Model of Cultural Competence (Sue and Sue 2003) and Relational Counseling Theory (RCT; Comstock et al. 2008). Program documentation, journal entries, and a follow-up survey were analyzed. Findings indicated that the study abroad program enhanced the cultural competence development of the participants. The importance of exposure and growth-fostering relationships, influences that the study abroad experiences may have on social justice and advocacy, and potential use of RCT in international counseling were highlighted.
KeywordsStudy abroad Cultural competence Qualitative case study International counseling Multiculturalism Honduras
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declared that they have no conflict of interest.
- Alexander, C. M., Krucsek, T., & Ponterotto, J. (2005). Building multicultural competencies in school counselor trainees: An international immersion experience. Counselor Education and Supervision, 44, 255–266. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6978.2005.tb01754.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- American Counseling Association. (2014). Code of ethics. Alexandria: Author.Google Scholar
- Arthur, N., & Achenback, K. (2002). Developing multicultural counseling competencies through experiential learning. Counselor Education and Supervision, 42, 2–14. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6978.2002.tb01299.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Baruth, L. G., & Manning, M. L. (2007). Multicultural counseling and psychotherapy: A lifespan perspective (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education Inc..Google Scholar
- Brockington, J. L., Hoffa, W. W., Marin, P. C. (2005). NAFSA’s guide to education abroad for advisers and administrators (3rd ed). Washington, DC: NAFSA: Association of International Educators.Google Scholar
- Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs. (2008). 2008 CACREP standards. Alexandria: Author.Google Scholar
- Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs. (2016). 2016 CACREP standards. Alexandria: Author.Google Scholar
- Creswell, J. W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc..Google Scholar
- Jaoko, J. (2010). Study abroad: Enhanced learning experience in cultural diversity. College Quarterly, 13(4). Retrieved from http://www.collegequarterly.ca/2010-vol13-num04-fall/jaoko.html.
- Jurgens, J. C., & McAuliffe, G. (2004). Short-term study-abroad experience in Ireland: An exercise in cross-cultural counseling. International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling, 26, 147–161. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:ADCO.0000027427.76422.1f.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (2000). Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The handbook of qualitative research (2nd ed., pp. 163–188). Beverly Hills: Sage.Google Scholar
- Litchtman, M. (2013). Qualitative research in education: A user’s guide (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, Inc..Google Scholar
- McDowell, T., Goessling, K., & Melendez, T. (2012). Transformative learning through international immersion: Building multicultural competence in family therapy and counseling. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 38, 365–379. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-0606.2010.00209.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
- Merriam, S. B. (2002). Qualitative research in practice: Examples for discussion and analysis. San Francisco: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
- Mindrup, R. M., Spray, B. J., & Lamberghini-West, A. (2011). White privilege and multicultural counseling competence: The influence of field of study, sex, and racial/ethnic exposure. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 20, 20–38. https://doi.org/10.1080/15313204.2011.545942.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Patton, M. Q. (1999). Enhancing the quality and credibility of qualitative analysis. Health Services Research, 34(5 Pt 2), 1189–1208.Google Scholar
- Pope-Davis, D. B., Breaux, C., & Liu, W. M. (1997). A multicultural immersion experience: Filling a void in multicultural training. In D. B. Pope-Davis & H. L. K. Coleman (Eds.), Multicultural counseling competencies: Assessment, education, training and supervision (pp. 227–241). Tthousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Stake, R. E. (1995). The art of case study research. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2003). Counseling the culturally diverse: Theory and practice (4th ed.). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- The Forum on Education Abroad (2009). Standards of good practice: For short-term education abroad programs. Retrieved from http://www.forumea.org/documents/ForumEAStandardsShortTermProg.pdf.
- Tomlinson-Clarke, S. (2013). Multicultural counseling competencies: Extending multicultural training paradigms toward globalization. VISTAS 2013. Retrieved from http://www.counseling.org/knowledge-center/vistas.
- Wilson, A. D., & Taylor, L. K. (2013). An international study abroad experience in a counseling education doctoral cohort. Journal for International Counselor Education, 5(1), 14–31.Google Scholar
- Ying, R. K. (2014). Case study research: Design and methods (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar