Shorter Version of the Counseling Self-Estimate Inventory (COSE): A Sample from Turkish Counselor Candidates (COSE-TR)
- 179 Downloads
Counseling self-efficacy is defined as a counselor’s beliefs regarding their ability to counsel a client effectively. Larson et al. (1992) developed the Counseling Self-Estimate Inventory (COSE) to determine counselors’ self-efficacy in the dimensions of microskills, counseling process, difficult client behavior, cultural competence, and awareness of values. The COSE has been used widely in the United States as well as being adapted to other cultures. The purpose of the present study was to obtain validity and reliability evidence for the COSE in a Turkish sample towards the creation of a Turkish version (COSE-TR). Analyses regarding internal consistency and construct validity were undertaken via CFA and EFA, and divergent and convergent validity assessments were performed. The devised COSE-TR obtained a Cronbach alpha coefficient of .92. Exploratory factor analysis suggested a four-factor model with 53.82% of the total variance explained, which the CFA also supported. The COSE-TR correlated negatively with trait anxiety as measured on the ‘State-Trait Anxiety Inventory Scale’ (involving only Trait anxiety STAI-T; Spielberger 1983), but positively with generalized self-efficacy as measured via the ‘General Self-Efficacy Scale’ (GSE; Schwarzer and Jerusalem 1995). As for language equivalence, there was no difference between the means of total scores obtained from the original COSE and the created Turkish shorter version. Results revealed that the shortened COSE-TR can be regarded as a valid and reliable instrument for measuring counseling self-efficacy with Turkish counselors. Implications for counseling psychology, counselor education and supervision in developing nations and the transculturality of counseling self-efficacy are discussed.
KeywordsCounseling self-efficacy Counselor education Counseling skills development Turkey
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
“The author declared that they have no conflict on interest”.
- Al-Darmaki, F. R. (2005). Validation of the counselor self-efficacy scale in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, 21, 26–44.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman. In Bernard, J. M., & Goodyear, R. K. (1998). Fundamentals of clinical supervision. Second Edition. Needham Heights: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
- Bentler, P. M., & Wu, E. J. (2005). EQS 6.1 for windows. Encino: Multivariate Software.Google Scholar
- Byrne, B. M. (2001). Structural equation modeling with AMOS- basic concepts, applications, and programming. LEA.Google Scholar
- Comrey, A. L., & Lee, H. B. (1992). A first course in factor analysis (Second ed.). NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Crook, T. (2010). Relationship between counseling self-efficacy and multicultural counseling self-efficacy among school counselors. Doctoral dissertation. Auburn University, counseling/school. Psychology Retrieved July 23, 2012 from http://etd.auburn.edu/etd/bitstream/handle/10415/2323/TyCrook_Diss_Aug-9-2010%5B1%5D.pdf?sequence=2.
- Dawn, L. C. (2009). Counseling self-efficacy in practicum students: Contributions of supervision. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. The Pennsylvania State University, college of. Education Retrieved July 22, 2012 from http://search.proquest.com/docview/304986669.
- DeVellis, R. F. (2003). Scale development: Theory and applications. CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Easton, C.J. (2004). The relationship between emotional intelligence and counseling self-efficacy. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences, 65 (7-A).Google Scholar
- Hair, J. F. J., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (1998). Multivariate data analysis. NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Humeidan, M. A. (2002). Counseling self-efficacy, supervisory working alliance, and social influence in supervision. Doctoral Dissertations: Cardinal Scholar Retrieved August 13, 2012 from http://cardinalscholar.bsu.edu/handle/handle/176963.Google Scholar
- Ivey, A. E., Packard, N. G., & Ivey, M. B. (2006). Basic attending skills (4th ed.). Framingham: Microtraining Associates.Google Scholar
- Lam, S., Tracz, S., & Lucey, C. (2013). Age, gender, and ethnicity of counsellor trainees and corresponding counselling self-efficacy: Research findings and implications for counsellor educators. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 35(3), 172–187. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10447-012-9175-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Maroco, J. (2010). Análise de equações estruturais: Fundamentos teóricos, software e aplicações. [analysis of structural equations: Theoretical fondations, software and applications.]. Pêro Pinheiro: Report number, Lda.Google Scholar
- Munson, W. W., Zoerink, D. A., & Stadulis, R. E. (1986). Training potential therapeutic recreators for self-efficacy and competence in interpersonal skills. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 20, 53–62.Google Scholar
- Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory (Third ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Öner, N., & LeCompte, A. (1985). Durumluk-sürekli kaygı envanteri el kitabı. İstanbul: Boğaziçi Üniversitesi Yayınları.Google Scholar
- Pamukçu, B., & Demir, A. (2011). Psikolojik danışman adaylarının psikolojik danışma özyeterlik algılarının incelenmesi. In XI. Ulusal PDR Kongresi Retrieved August 8, 2012 from http://www.pegem.net/akademi/kongrebildiri_detay.aspx?id=134105.Google Scholar
- Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1995). Generalized self-efficacy scale. In J. Weinman, S. Wright, & M. Johnston (Eds.), Measures in health psychology: A user’s portfolio. Causal and control beliefs (pp. 35–37). NFER-Nelson: Windsor.Google Scholar
- Spielberger, C. D. (1983). Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. CA: Palo Alto.Google Scholar
- Stevens, J. (2002). Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences (4th ed). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Stoltenberg, C. D., McNeill, B., & Delworth, U. (1998). IDM supervision. San Fransico: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (Fifth ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
- Ting, H. C. (2009). Satisfaction with supervision as a function of the supervisory working alliance and self-efficacy among Taiwanese master-level counseling internship students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of South Carolina, college of. Education Retrieved August 12, 2012 from http://search.proquest.com/docview/304993497.
- Triandis, H. C. (1989). The self and social behavior in differing cultural contexts. Psychological Review, 96, p. 506.Google Scholar
- Yeşilay, A., Schwarzer, R., & Jerusalem, M. (1997). Turkish adaptation of the Generalized Perceived Self-efficacy Scale. Retrieved February, 2, 2012. http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~health/turk.htm
- Yüksek Öğretim Kurulu. (2007). Eğitim fakültelerinde uygulanacak programlar. Retrieved 27 December, 2011 from http://www.yok.gov.tr/content/view/16/52/.