The Supervision Guide: Informed by Theory, Ready for Practice

  • Jodi L. TangenEmail author
  • L. DiAnne Borders
  • Melissa J. Fickling


Scholars have emphasized the educational nature of clinical supervision. However, the supervision field is lacking protocols to guide novice supervisors in their early sessions with supervisees. Informed by six overarching learning theories (behaviorist, cognitive, constructivism, critical pedagogy, person-centered, and experiential), we propose a supervision guide that can be used to guide novice supervisors’ early supervision sessions. Implications, limitations, and recommendations for future research are included.


Supervision Learning theories Supervision guide 



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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EducationNorth Dakota State UniversityFargoUSA
  2. 2.Counseling and Educational DevelopmentThe University of North Carolina at GreensboroGreensboroUSA
  3. 3.Counseling, Adult and Higher EducationNorthern Illinois UniversityDeKalbUSA

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