Academic Procrastination: The Perspective of University Counsellors

  • Justine PatrzekEmail author
  • Carola Grunschel
  • Stefan Fries


The purpose of this study was to investigate the antecedents and consequences of academic procrastination in students who frequent university counselling in regard to this issue. To undertake this, semi-structured interviews with 12 experienced university counsellors in German universities were conducted. A qualitative content analysis resulted in two category systems—antecedents and consequences. Whereas the antecedents were differentiated into nine categories and 30 themes, the consequences were differentiated into 10 categories and 20 themes. The findings indicated that the antecedents and consequences were largely a reflection of the students’ characteristics, their personal and learning situations, and the university environment. A layer model is discussed as a heuristic model for future research and for university counselling services.


Academic procrastination University counsellors University counselling services 



This research was supported by grant 01PH08005 from the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Justine Patrzek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carola Grunschel
    • 1
  • Stefan Fries
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of BielefeldBielefeldGermany

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