Promoting Cultural Relativism in Counselors through the Cultural De-Centering Model

  • Garrett J. McAuliffeEmail author
  • Tammi F. Milliken
Original Article


Counselors who are culturally encapsulated are likely to create client mistrust and to misinterpret clients’ cultural norms. This article presents the Cultural De-Centering Model (CDCM) as a constructive-developmental method for helping future counselors to be less ethnocentric in their work. The goal of the CDCM is to increase counselors’ cultural relativism. Through the CDCM counselors are asked to name and challenge their assumptions about race/ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation, and social class. They are then asked to re-examine the foundations of those assumptions and begin constructing culturally de-centered perspectives.


Counselor training Cultural de-centering Multicultural counseling 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Counseling and Human Services Department, College of EducationOld Dominion UniversityNorfolkUSA

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