An Holistic Approach for Counsellors: Embracing Multiple Intelligences

  • Rosslyn Booth
  • Patrick John O’Brien
Original Article


This paper explores a range of therapeutic modalities used by counsellors of children and positions those modalities within Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences. Research by O’Brien (Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence and its implications for the counselling of children. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, 1999) revealed that by drawing on a combination of preferred intelligences, children were able to enhance the dialogue between the unconscious and conscious, while strengthening the relationship between the counsellor and client. A number of useful counselling approaches are highlighted in working with children, particularly younger children who have not yet developed language sufficient for more formal counselling sessions. Suggestions that assist counsellors to operate across settings are explored.


Multiple intelligences Expressive therapies Play therapy Sandplay Counselling children 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EducationUniversity of Southern QueenslandHervey BayAustralia

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