Quaternion and Hopf map characterizations for the existence of rational rotation-minimizing frames on quintic space curves
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Simple criteria for the existence of rational rotation-minimizing frames (RRMFs) on quintic space curves are determined, in terms of both the quaternion and Hopf map representations for Pythagorean-hodograph (PH) curves in ℝ3. In both cases, these criteria amount to satisfaction of three scalar constraints that are quadratic in the curve coefficients, and are thus much simpler than previous criteria. In quaternion form, RRMF quintics can be characterized by just a single quadratic (vector) constraint on the three quaternion coefficients. In the Hopf map form, the characterization is in terms of one real and one complex quadratic constraint on the six complex coefficients. The identification of these constraints is based on introducing a “canonical form” for spatial PH curves and judicious transformations between the quaternion and Hopf map descriptions. The simplicity of these new characterizations for the RRMF quintics should help facilitate the development of algorithms for their construction, analysis, and practical use in applications such as animation, spatial motion planning, and swept surface constructions.
KeywordsRotation-minimizing frames Pythagorean-hodograph curves Angular velocity Hopf map Complex polynomials Quaternions
Mathematics Subject Classifications (2000)12Y05 14H45 14H50 14Q05 53A04 68U05 68U07
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