Advertisement

Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastic and Thermoset Composites Reinforced with 3D Biaxial Warp-knitted Fabrics

  • Ali Al-darkazali
  • Pınar Çolak
  • Kemal Kadıoğlu
  • Erdinç Günaydın
  • Ibrahim Inanç
  • Özgür Demircan
Article
  • 265 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, two types of thermoplastic matrices (low melting point polyethylene terephthalate (LPET) fiber and polypropylene (PP) fiber) and glass fiber/epoxy resin/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were used to fabricate the thermoplastic and thermoset composite materials with 3D biaxial warp-knitted fabrics. Thermoplastic and thermoset composites were fabricated using hot-press and resin transfer molding (RTM) methods. The fabricated samples were tested with tensile and three-point flexural tests. In thermoplastic composites, samples in the 90° direction and LPET matrix showed the best tensile and flexural properties with an improvement of 39 and 21% tensile modulus and strength, 16 and 8% flexural modulus and strength compared to the PP samples in the same direction. In thermoset composites, samples in the 90° direction and MWCNTs showed the best improvement of the flexural modulus and strength with 97 and 58% compared to the samples without MWCNTs. This improvement can most likely be attributed to an increase in interfacial adhesion due to the presence of the carbon nanotubes.

Keywords

Non-crimp fabric Thermoplastics composites Thermosets composites Carbon nanotubes Mechanical properties 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to acknowledge the Research fund of OMU (Project Numbers: (PYO.MUH.1904.16.004, PYO.MUH.1904.16.005, PYO.MUH.1901.16.001) for funding this study.

References

  1. 1.
    Vasić, Z., Maksimović, S., Georgijević, D.: Applied integrated design in composite UAV development. Appl. Compos. Mater. 25, 221–236 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wiegand, N., Mäder, E.: Commingled yarn spinning for thermoplastic/glass fiber composites. Fibers. 26, 1–15 (2017)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mankodi, H., Patel, P.: Study the effect of commingling parameters on glass/polypropylene hybrid yarns properties. AUTEX Research Journal. 9, 70–73 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Selver, E., Potluri, P., Hogg, P., Soutis, C.: Impact damage tolerance of thermoset composites reinforced with hybrid commingled yarns. Compos. Part B: Engineering. 91, 522–538 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Svensson, N., Shishoo, R., Gilchrist, M.: Manufacturing of thermoplastic composites from commingled yarns-a review. Journal of Thermoplast. Compos. Mat. 11, 22–56 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bernet, N., Mechaud, V., Bourban, P.E., Manson, J.A.E.: Commingled yarn composites for rapid processing of complex shapes. Compos. Part A. 32, 1613–1626 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hassanzadeh, S., Hasani, H., Zarrebini, M.: Mechanical characterization of innovative 3D multi-cell thermoset composites produced with weft-knitted spacer fabrics. Compos. Struct. 184, 935–949 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Demircan, O., Ashibe, S., Kosui, T., Nakai, A.: Effect of various knitting techniques on mechanical properties of biaxial weft-knitted thermoplastic composites. Journal of Thermoplas. Compos. Materials. 28, 896–910 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Katsiropoulos, C.V., Pantelakis, S.G., Meyer, B.C.: Mechanical behavior of non-crimp fabric PEEK/C thermoplastic composites. Theor. Appl. Fract. Mech. 52, 122–129 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Khan, S.U., Kim, J.K.: Impact and delamination failure of multiscale carbon nanotube-fiber reinforced polymer composites: A review. Int’l J. of Aeronautical & Space Sci. 12, 115–133 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tüzemen, M., Salamcı, E., Avcı, A.: Enhancing mechanical properties of bolted carbon/epoxy nanocomposites with carbon nanotube, nanoclay, and hybrid loading. Compos. Part B: Engineering. 128, 146–154 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zanjani, J.S.M., Okan, B.S., Menceloglu, Y.Z., Yıldız, M.: Nano-engineered design and manufacturing of high-performance epoxy matrix composites with carbon fiber/selectively integrated graphene as multi-scale reinforcements. RSC Adv. 6, 9495–9506 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Godara, A., Gorbatikh, L., Kalinka, G., Warrier, A., Rochez, O., Mezzo, L., Luizi, F., Vuure, A.W.V., Lomov, S.V., Verpoest, I.: Interfacial shear strength of a glass fiber/epoxy bonding in composites modified with carbon nanotubes. Compos. Sci. Technol. 70, 1346–1352 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhu, J., Imam, A., Crane, R., Lozano, K., Khabashesku, V.N., Barrera, E.V.: Processing a glass fiber reinforced vinyl ester composite with nanotube enhancement of interlaminar shear strength. Compos. Sci. Technol. 67, 1509–1517 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Al-darkazali
    • 1
  • Pınar Çolak
    • 2
  • Kemal Kadıoğlu
    • 2
  • Erdinç Günaydın
    • 2
  • Ibrahim Inanç
    • 1
    • 2
  • Özgür Demircan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Department, Graduate School of ScienceOndokuz Mayıs UniversitySamsunTurkey
  2. 2.Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, Faculty of EngineeringOndokuz Mayıs UniversitySamsunTurkey

Personalised recommendations