Advertisement

Applied Composite Materials

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 507–518 | Cite as

Fatigue Behaviour of Acrylic Matrix Composites: Influence of Seawater

  • Peter DaviesEmail author
  • Mael Arhant
Article
  • 670 Downloads

Abstract

The recent introduction of liquid acrylic thermoplastic matrix resins which can impregnate fibre reinforcements using traditional infusion moulding offers significant potential for future composite structures in marine applications, such as marine energy devices. However, to date very few results are available to evaluate the long term durability of these composites in a marine environment. This paper describes results from a series of cyclic loading tests on glass and carbon fibre reinforced acrylic composites under both tension and four point flexural loading. Tests were performed before and after aging in natural seawater. The results were compared to results for a glass/epoxy used today in marine structures, and show a lower loss of both static and cyclic properties for glass/acrylic composites after seawater saturation. A carbon fibre reinforced acrylic composite was also tested. This showed excellent properties in tension, but poor out-of-plane properties due to manufacturing defects.

Keywords

Acrylic Fatigue Immersion Seawater 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the important contribution of Nicolas Gayet of Ifremer to the SEM study.

References

  1. 1.
    Roucayrol, L., Neyhousser, R., Gerard, P., Cledat, G.: Arkema 3 Mini 6.50: a model of innovation. JECmagazine. 115, 41–43 (2017)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Boufaida, Z., Farge, L., André, S., Meshaka, Y.: Influence of the fiber/matrix strength on the mechanical properties of a glass fiber/thermoplastic-matrix plain weave fabric composite. Compos. Part A. 75, 28–38 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Davies, P., Le Gac, P.-Y., Le Gall, M.: Influence of sea water aging on the mechanical behaviour of acrylic matrix composites. Appl. Compos. Mater. 24, 97–111 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Beguinel J, Gérard J-F, Lortie F, Gérard P, Maupetit J, New continuous Fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites: an analysis of interfacial adhesion from the micro scale to the macro scale, Proc. 20th International Conference on Composite Materials, Copenhagen, 19‑24th July 2015Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pini, T., Briatico-Vangosa, F., Frassine, R., Rink, M.: Time dependent fracture behaviour of a carbon fibre composite based on a (rubber toughened) acrylic polymer. 21st European Conference on Fracture, ECF21, 20-24 June 2016, Catania, Italy. Struct. Integ. Procedia. 2, 253–260 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bhudolia, S.K., Perrotey, P., Joshi, S.C.: Mode I fracture toughness and fractographic investigation of carbon fibre composites with liquid Methylmethacrylate thermoplastic matrix. Comp. Part B 134, 246–253 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Matadi Boumbimba, R., Coulibaly, M., Khabouchi, A., Kinvi-Dossou, aG., Bonfoh, N., Gerard, P.: Glass fibres reinforced acrylic thermoplastic resin-based tri-block copolymers composites: low velocity impact response at various temperatures. Compos. Struct. 160, 939–951 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chilali, A., Zouari, W., Assarar, M., Kebir, H., Ayad, R.: Effect of water ageing on the load-unload cyclic behaviour of flax fibre-reinforced thermoplastic and thermosetting composites. Compos. Struct. 183, 309–319 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Haggui M, El Mahi A, Jendli Z, Akrout A, Haddar M, Static and fatigue characterization of flax fiber reinforced thermoplastic composites by acoustic emission, Appl. Acoust. (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2018.03.011
  10. 10.
    Purslow, D.: Matrix fractography of fibre reinforced epoxy composites. Composites. 17(94), 289–303 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Boisseau, A., Davies, P., Thiebaud, F.: Fatigue behaviour of glass fibre reinforced composites for ocean energy conversion systems. Appl. Compos. Mater. 20(2), 145–155 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Davies, P., Verbouwe, W.: Evaluation of basalt fibre composites for marine applications. Appl. Compos. Mater. 25, 299–308 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IFREMER Centre de Bretagne, Marine Structures LaboratoryPlouzanéFrance

Personalised recommendations