Applied Composite Materials

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 283–296 | Cite as

Time-Variant Simulation of Multi-Material Thermal Pultrusion

  • Sunil C. JoshiEmail author
  • X. Chen


Pultrusion being the viable and economical process for producing constant cross-section composite products, many variants of it are being tried out. This paper embarks on the pultrusion with multi-materials; typically of polymer foam/glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) sandwich panels. Unlike conventional composites pultrusion, this process with more than two material phases, one of them dry, poses a challenge in simulating the thermal co-curing within the die. In this paper, the formulation and development of three-dimensional, finite element/nodal control volume (FE/NCV) approach for such multi-material pultrusion is presented. The numerical features for handling the dry-wet material interfaces, material shrinkage, variations in pull speed and die heating, and foam-to-skin thickness ratio are discussed. Implementation of the FE/NCV procedure and its application in analyzing pultrusion of polymer foam/GFRP sandwich panels with multi-heater environment are presented.


Foam sandwich Pultrusion Curing Finite element analysis Process optimization 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringNanyang Technological UniversitySingaporeSingapore

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