Applied Composite Materials

, Volume 14, Issue 5–6, pp 343–362 | Cite as

Impact Damage of 3D Orthogonal Woven Composite Circular Plates

  • Changgan Ji
  • Baozhong Sun
  • Yiping Qiu
  • Bohong GuEmail author


The damages of 3D orthogonal woven composite circular plate under quasi-static indentation and transverse impact were tested with Materials Test System (MTS) and modified split Hopkinson bar (SHPB) apparatus. The load vs. displacement curves during quasi-static penetration and impact were obtained to study the energy absorption of the composite plate. The fluctuation of the impact stress waves has been unveiled. Differences of the load-displacement curves between the quasi-static and impact loading are discussed. This work also aims at establishing a unit-cell model to analyze the damage of composites. A user material subroutine which named VUMAT for characterizing the constitutive relationship of the 3-D orthogonal woven composite and the damage evolution is incorporated with a finite element code ABAQUS/Explicit to simulate the impact damage process of the composite plates. From the comparison of the load-displacement curves and energy absorption curves of the composite plate between experimental and FEM simulation, it is shown that the unit-cell model of the 3D woven composite and the VUMAT combined with the ABAQUS/Explicit can calculate the impact responses of the circular plate precisely. Furthermore, the model can also be extended to simulate the impact behavior of the 3D woven composite structures.


3D orthogonal woven composite Unit-cell Transverse impact FEM simulation User subroutine 



The authors gratefully acknowledge financial supports from the National Science Foundation of China (50675032), the Shanghai Shuguang Dawning Plan (06SG36) and the Awards for New Century Talented Teachers in Universities of China (NCET-05-0421).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Changgan Ji
    • 1
  • Baozhong Sun
    • 1
  • Yiping Qiu
    • 1
  • Bohong Gu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of TextilesDonghua UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Textile EngineeringZhongyuan Institute of TechnologyZhengzhouChina

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