Quantitative Convergence Towards a Self-Similar Profile in an Age-Structured Renewal Equation for Subdiffusion
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Continuous-time random walks are generalisations of random walks frequently used to account for the consistent observations that many molecules in living cells undergo anomalous diffusion, i.e. subdiffusion. Here, we describe the subdiffusive continuous-time random walk using age-structured partial differential equations with age renewal upon each walker jump, where the age of a walker is the time elapsed since its last jump. In the spatially-homogeneous (zero-dimensional) case, we follow the evolution in time of the age distribution. An approach inspired by relative entropy techniques allows us to obtain quantitative explicit rates for the convergence of the age distribution to a self-similar profile, which corresponds to convergence to a stationary profile for the rescaled variables. An important difficulty arises from the fact that the equation in self-similar variables is not autonomous and we do not have a specific analytical solution. Therefore, in order to quantify the latter convergence, we estimate attraction to a time-dependent “pseudo-equilibrium”, which in turn converges to the stationary profile.
KeywordsAge-structured PDE Renewal equation Anomalous diffusion Relative entropy estimates
Mathematics Subject Classification35Q92 92D25 60J75 35B40
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