Alterations in Joint Angular Velocity Following Traumatic Knee Injury in Ovine Models

  • Mehdi ShekarforoushEmail author
  • Kristen I. Barton
  • Jillian E. Beveridge
  • Michael Scott
  • C. Ryan Martin
  • Gregory Muench
  • Bryan J. Heard
  • Johnathan L. Sevick
  • David A. Hart
  • Cyril B. Frank
  • Nigel G. Shrive


Little effort has been directed towards the consequence of an injury on joint angular velocity. We hypothesized that the magnitude of knee joint angular velocity would be decreased after injury. Four injury groups were investigated in an ovine model: (1) anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) transection (ACL/MCL Tx) (n = 5), (2) lateral meniscectomy (Mx) (n = 5), (3) partial ACL transection (p-ACL Tx) (n = 5), and (4) partial-ACL and MCL transection (p-ACL/MCL Tx) (n = 5). The magnitude of the angular velocities decreased in the subjects of all groups at multiple points of the gait cycle. The maximum angular velocities during stance and the maximum extension angular velocities during swing were decreased in 15/20 and 17/20 subjects, respectively. There were strong correlations between morphological osteoarthritis scores and the reduction in the maximum extension angular velocities during swing 40 weeks post-p-ACL Tx and 20 weeks post-ACL/MCL Tx. There was no correlation between the decrease of the angular velocity and morphological osteoarthritis scores in the Mx group and the p-ACL/MCL Tx group. The reduction in angular velocity may be a helpful addition as a surrogate measure of OA risk after ACL injury, and could have clinical significance after further investigation in humans.


Post-traumatic osteoarthritis Knee injury Gait Kinematics Angular velocity 



The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge Sarah Flynn, Leslie Jacques, Craig Sutherland, Dean Brown, Vanessa Oliver, Cynddae McGown, Barbara Smith and Yamini Achari for their technical expertise. This work was funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and The Arthritis Society (CBF, NGS, DAH). The authors have not received any financial support that may be perceived as a conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehdi Shekarforoush
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Kristen I. Barton
    • 1
  • Jillian E. Beveridge
    • 4
  • Michael Scott
    • 5
  • C. Ryan Martin
    • 1
    • 6
  • Gregory Muench
    • 5
  • Bryan J. Heard
    • 1
  • Johnathan L. Sevick
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • David A. Hart
    • 1
    • 3
    • 6
    • 7
  • Cyril B. Frank
    • 8
  • Nigel G. Shrive
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.McCaig Institute for Bone & Joint Health, Cumming School of MedicineUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.Schulich School of EngineeringUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  3. 3.Biomedical Engineering Graduate ProgramUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  4. 4.Rhode Island Hospital/Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  5. 5.Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  6. 6.Section of Orthopaedics, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Calgary, Foothills HospitalCalgaryCanada
  7. 7.Faculty of KinesiologyUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  8. 8.Cumming School of Medicine, Health Sciences CentreUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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