Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 44, Issue 9, pp 2737–2745 | Cite as

Real-Time Monitoring of Singlet Oxygen and Oxygen Partial Pressure During the Deep Photodynamic Therapy In Vitro

  • Weitao Li
  • Dong Huang
  • Yan Zhang
  • Yangyang Liu
  • Yueqing Gu
  • Zhiyu QianEmail author


Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective noninvasive method for the tumor treatment. The major challenge in current PDT research is how to quantitatively evaluate therapy effects. To our best knowledge, this is the first time to combine multi-parameter detection methods in PDT. More specifically, we have developed a set of system, including the high-sensitivity measurement of singlet oxygen, oxygen partial pressure and fluorescence image. In this paper, the detection ability of the system was validated by the different concentrations of carbon quantum dots. Moreover, the correlation between singlet oxygen and oxygen partial pressure with laser irradiation was observed. Then, the system could detect the signal up to 0.5 cm tissue depth with 660 nm irradiation and 1 cm tissue depth with 980 nm irradiation by using up-conversion nanoparticles during PDT in vitro. Furthermore, we obtained the relationship among concentration of singlet oxygen, oxygen partial pressure and tumor cell viability under certain conditions. The results indicate that the multi-parameter detection system is a promising asset to evaluate the deep tumor therapy during PDT. Moreover, the system might be potentially used for the further study in biology and molecular imaging.


Near infrared spectrum Nanoparticles Fluorescence imaging Therapy assessment 



This work is supported by “the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities”, NO. NS2015032. We thanked Dr. Xinzeng Wang for close reading of the manuscript and made corresponding revisions in the whole paper.


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Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Weitao Li
    • 1
  • Dong Huang
    • 1
  • Yan Zhang
    • 1
  • Yangyang Liu
    • 1
  • Yueqing Gu
    • 2
  • Zhiyu Qian
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringNanjing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical EngineeringChina Pharmaceutical UniversityNanjingChina

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