Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 207–221 | Cite as

Modeling of the Acute Effects of Primary Hypertension and Hypotension on the Hemodynamics of Intracranial Aneurysms

  • Ali Sarrami-Foroushani
  • Maria-Cruz Villa-Uriol
  • Mohsen Nasr Esfahany
  • Stuart C. Coley
  • Luigi Yuri Di Marco
  • Alejandro F. Frangi
  • Alberto Marzo


Hemodynamics is a risk factor in intracranial aneurysms (IA). Hypertension and pharmacologically induced hypotension are common in IA patients. This study investigates how hypertension and hypotension may influence aneurysmal hemodynamics. Images of 23 IAs at typical locations were used to build patient-specific Computational Fluid Dynamics models. The effects of hypotension and hypertension were simulated through boundary conditions by modulating the normotensive flow and pressure waveforms, in turn produced by a 1D systemic vascular model. Aneurysm location and flow pattern types were used to categorize the influence of hypotension and hypertension on relevant flow variables (velocity, pressure and wall shear stress). Results indicate that, compared to other locations, vertebrobasilar aneurysms (VBA) are more sensitive to flow changes. In VBAs, space-averaged velocity at peak systole increased by 30% in hypertension (16–21% in other locations). Flow in VBAs in hypotension decreased by 20% (10–13% in other locations). Momentum-driven hemodynamic types were also more affected by hypotension and hypertension, than shear-driven types. This study shows how patient-specific modeling can be effectively used to identify location-specific flow patterns in a clinically-relevant study, thus reinforcing the role played by modeling technologies in furthering our understanding of cardiovascular disease, and their potential in future healthcare.


Boundary conditions 1D circulation model Blood pressure Wall shear stress Virtual physiological human Cerebral vasculature Simulation Computational fluid dynamics 



Intracranial aneurysm


Computational fluid dynamics


Three-dimensional rotational angiography


Internal carotid artery


Middle cerebral artery


Posterior communicating artery


Vertebrobasilar artery


Systolic blood pressure


Diastolic blood pressure






Maximum velocity at peak systole


Space-averaged velocity at peak systole


Maximum time-averaged velocity


Time-averaged velocity


Space-and-time-averaged velocity


Wall shear stress


Time-averaged wall shear stress


Space-and-time-averaged wall shear stress



The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Sixth (FP6/2002-2006) and Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under grant agreements  no. FP6-IST- 027703 (@neurIST), no. FP7-ICT-601055 (VPH-DARE@IT), and no. FP7-ICT-69978 (VPH-Share). The authors would also like to acknowledge the computational support provided by the Department of Chemical Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology (IUT).


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Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Sarrami-Foroushani
    • 1
  • Maria-Cruz Villa-Uriol
    • 2
  • Mohsen Nasr Esfahany
    • 1
  • Stuart C. Coley
    • 3
  • Luigi Yuri Di Marco
    • 2
  • Alejandro F. Frangi
    • 2
  • Alberto Marzo
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Center for Computational Imaging and Simulation Technologies in Biomedicine, Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  3. 3.Department of NeuroradiologyRoyal Hallamshire HospitalSheffieldUK
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical EngineeringThe University of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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