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Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 769–773 | Cite as

On the Left Ventricular Vortex Reversal after Mitral Valve Replacement

  • Gianni Pedrizzetti
  • Federico Domenichini
  • Giovanni Tonti
Article

Abstract

The blood flow in the human left ventricle is known to develop a vortical motion that should facilitate the ejection of blood into the primary circulation. This study shows that such a rotary motion can be totally reversed after the implant of a prosthetic valve. This phenomenon, in agreement with clinical observation, appears mostly imputable to the symmetry of the implant. The reversed rotation increases energy dissipation and modifies the pressure distribution with the potential development of new pathologies. The results provide preliminary, physically based, elements for the improvement of surgical procedures or prosthesis.

Keywords

Cardiac fluid dynamics Vortex dynamics Left ventricular flow 

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Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gianni Pedrizzetti
    • 1
  • Federico Domenichini
    • 2
  • Giovanni Tonti
    • 3
  1. 1.D.I.C.A.University of TriesteTriesteItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of FirenzeFirenzeItaly
  3. 3.SS. Annunziata HospitalSulmonaItaly

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