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Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 382–389 | Cite as

Monitoring of Microbial Degraders in Manned Space Stations

  • T. A. Alekhova
  • A. A. Aleksandrova
  • T. Yu. Novozhilova
  • L. V. Lysak
  • N. A. Zagustina
  • A. M. Bezborodov
Article

Abstract

Samples of microorganisms from the surface of constructions of Mir Space Station (Mir SS) were taken and examined after 13 years of operation. The following microorganisms were isolated and identified: 12 fungal species belonging to the genera Penicillium, Aspergillus, Cladosporium, and Aureobasidium; 3 yeast species belonging to the genera Debaryomyces, Candida, and Rhodotorula; and 4 bacterial species belonging to the genera Bacillus, Myxococcus, and Rhodococcus. The predominant species in all samples was Penicillium chrisogenum. It was shown that the fungi isolated could damage polymers and induce corrosion of aluminum-magnesium alloys. We commenced a study of microbial degraders on constructions of the Russian section of the International Space Station (RS ISS). Twenty-six species of fungi, bacteria, yeasts, and actinomycetes, known as active biodegraders, were identified in three sample sets taken at intervals. We founded a collection of microorganisms surviving throughout space flights. This collection can be used to test spacecraft production materials, in order to determine their resistance to biodegradation.

Keywords

Space Station Candida Penicillium Rhodococcus International Space Station 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. A. Alekhova
    • 1
  • A. A. Aleksandrova
    • 1
  • T. Yu. Novozhilova
    • 1
  • L. V. Lysak
    • 2
  • N. A. Zagustina
    • 3
  • A. M. Bezborodov
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Faculty of Soil ScienceMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Bach Institute of BiochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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