Annals of Finance

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 399–429 | Cite as

Pricing options in incomplete equity markets via the instantaneous Sharpe ratio

  • Erhan Bayraktar
  • Virginia Young
Research Article


We use a continuous version of the standard deviation premium principle for pricing in incomplete equity markets by assuming that the investor issuing an unhedgeable derivative security requires compensation for this risk in the form of a pre-specified instantaneous Sharpe ratio. First, we apply our method to price options on non-traded assets for which there is a traded asset that is correlated to the non-traded asset. Our main contribution to this particular problem is to show that our seller/buyer prices are the upper/lower good deal bounds of Cochrane and Saá-Requejo (J Polit Econ 108:79–119, 2000) and of Björk and Slinko (Rev Finance 10:221–260, 2006) and to determine the analytical properties of these prices. Second, we apply our method to price options in the presence of stochastic volatility. Our main contribution to this problem is to show that the instantaneous Sharpe ratio, an integral ingredient in our methodology, is the negative of the market price of volatility risk, as defined in Fouque et al. (Derivatives in financial markets with stochastic volatility. Cambridge University Press, 2000).


Pricing derivative securities Incomplete markets Sharpe ratio Correlated assets Stochastic volatility Non-linear partial differential equations Good deal bounds 

JEL Classification



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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