Advertisement

European Journal of Ageing

, 8:177 | Cite as

Self-employment and job satisfaction: evidence for older people with disabilities in Europe

  • Ricardo Pagán-RodríguezEmail author
Article

Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyse and compare the levels of job satisfaction reported by self-employed and salaried workers (aged 50–64) by disability status across Europe. Particular attention is paid to testing whether the effect of self-employment on job satisfaction is greater for disabled workers as compared to non-disabled ones. Using the first two waves (2004 and 2007) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) for eleven countries, we estimate job satisfaction equations for older workers with and without disabilities. The results show that self-employed persons are more satisfied with their jobs. However, there is no evidence that the association between self-employment and job satisfaction is different for disabled and non-disabled older persons. Policy makers can promote self-employment among older workers with disabilities to increase their employment and income rates and levels of job satisfaction.

Keywords

Self-employment Disability Older individuals Europe 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author thanks an anonymous reviewer and the editor for useful comments and suggestions. This article uses data from the SHARE, which has been primarily funded by the European Commission through the 5th framework programme (project QLK6-CT-2001- 00360 in the thematic programme Quality of Life), through the 6th framework programme (projects SHARE-I3, RII-CT- 2006-062193, COMPARE, CIT5-CT-2005-028857, and SHARELIFE, CIT4-CT-2006-028812) and through the 7th framework programme (SHARE-PREP, 211909 and SHARE-LEAP, 227822). The usual disclaimer applies.

References

  1. Baldwin M, Johnson W (1994) Labor market discrimination against men with disabilities. J Hum Resour 29(31):865–887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baldwin M, Johnson W (1995) Labor market discrimination against women with disabilities. Ind Relat 34(4):555–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baltagi B, Song S (2006) Unbalanced panel data: a survey. Stat Pap 47:493–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Benz M, Frey B (2008a) The value of doing what you like: evidence from the self-employed in 23 countries. J Econ Behav Organ 68:445–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benz M, Frey B (2008b) Being independent is a great thing: subjective evaluations of self-employment and hierarchy. Economica 75:362–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blanchflower D (2004) Self-employment: more may not be better. NBER Working paper no. 10286Google Scholar
  7. Blanchflower D, Oswald A (1998) What makes an entrepreneur? J Lab Econ 16(1):26–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Börsch-Supan A, Jürges H (2005) The survey of health, ageing and retirement in europe–methodology. Mannheim Research Institute for the Economics of Aging, University of Mannheim, MannheimGoogle Scholar
  9. Boylan A, Burchardt T (2002) Barriers to self-employment for disabled people. Report for the Small Business ServicesGoogle Scholar
  10. Burchardt T (2000) The dynamics of being disabled. J Soc Policy 29(4):645–668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Buttner H (1992) Entrepreneurial stress: is it hazardous to your health. J Manag Issues 4(2):223–240Google Scholar
  12. Chirikos T, Nestel G (1984) Economic determinants and consequences of self-reported work disability. J Health Econ 3(2):117–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Clark A (1997) Job satisfaction and gender: why are women so happy at work? Lab Econ 4(4):341–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Clark A, Oswald A (1996) Satisfaction and comparison income. J Public Econ 61(3):359–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Clark A, Colombier N, Masclet D (2008) Never the same after the first time: the satisfaction of the second-generation self-employed. Int J Manpow 29(7):591–609CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cowling M, Taylor M (2001) Entrepreneurial women and men: two different species? Small Bus Econ 16:167–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Diaz-Serrano L, Cabral J (2005) Low pay, higher pay and job satisfaction within the European union: empirical evidence from fourteen countries. IZA Discussion paper no. 1558Google Scholar
  18. Doyel A (2002) A realistic perspective of risk in self-employment for people with disabilities. J Vocat Rehabil 17:115–124Google Scholar
  19. European Commission (2009) Employment in Europe 2009. Employment and Social AffairsGoogle Scholar
  20. Ferraro K, Farmer M, Wybraniec J (1997) Health trajectories: long-term dynamics among black and white adults. J Health Soc Behav 38:38–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ferrer-i-Carbonell A, Frijters P (2004) How important is methodology for the estimates of the determinants of happiness? Econ J 114:641–659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gannon B (2005) A dynamic analysis of disability and labour force participation in Ireland, 1995–2000. Health Econ 14:925–928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gannon B, Munley M (2009) Age and disability: explaining the wage differential. Soc Sci Med 69:47–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Griffin C, Hammis D (2002) Jimbo’s Jumbos: a primer on small business planning. J Vocat Rehabil 17:87–96Google Scholar
  25. Johnson W, Lambrinos J (1985) Wage discrimination against handicapped men and women. J Hum Resour 20(2):264–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jones M, Latreille P, Sloane P (2006) Disability, gender and the British labour market. Oxf Econ Pap 58:407–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kaufmann P (1999) Franchising and choice of self-employment. J Bus Ventur 3(2):89–95Google Scholar
  28. Kreider B (1999) Latent work disability and reporting bias. J Hum Resour 34(4):734–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lange T (2009) Job satisfaction and self-employment: autonomy or personality. Small Bus Econ. doi: 10.1007/s11187-009-9249-8
  30. McFarlane F (1998) Personnel development in the field of disability with a focus on employment outcomes. Disabil Soc 13(4):575–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Naughton T (1987) Quality of working life and the self-employed manager. Am J Small Bus 12(2):33–41Google Scholar
  32. Ng Y (1997) A case of happiness, cardinalism, and interpersonal comparability. Econ J 107(445):1848–1858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nolan B, Watson D, Williams J, Noonan P, O’Connor A, Browne J (2003) Designing and piloting an Irish disability research instrument based on WHO ICF. National Disability Authority, DublinGoogle Scholar
  34. OECD (2000) Employment Outlook, ParisGoogle Scholar
  35. OECD (2003) Transforming disability into ability: policies to promote work and income security for disabled people. Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, ParisGoogle Scholar
  36. Pagan R (2009) Self-employment among people with disabilities: evidence for Europe. Disabil Soc 24(2):217–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Piggott L, Sapey B, Wilenius F (2005) Out of touch: local government and disabled people’s employment needs. Disabil Soc 20(6):599–611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Schwartz N (1995) What respondents learn from questionnaires: the survey interview and the logic of conversation. Int Stat Rev 63:153–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sloane P, William H (2000) Job satisfaction, comparison earnings and gender. Labour 14(3):473–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Van Praag B (1991) Ordinal and cardinal utility: an integration of the two dimensions of the welfare concept. J Econ 50:69–89Google Scholar
  41. Verbeek M, Nijman T (1992) Testing for selectivity bias in panel data models. Int Econ Rev 33(3):681–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Verbrugge L, Reoma J, Gruber-Baldini A (1994) Short-term dynamics of disability and well-being. J Health Soc Behav 35(2):97–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied EconomicsUniversity of MalagaMalagaSpain

Personalised recommendations