Acta Mechanica Sinica

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 61–69 | Cite as

Effects of aspect ratio on shock-cylinder interaction

  • Junfeng Ou
  • Zhigang ZhaiEmail author
Research Paper


Interaction of a planar shock wave with a discontinuous \(\hbox {SF}_6\) elliptic gas cylinder surrounded by air is investigated. Special attention is given to the effects of aspect ratio on wave pattern, interface evolution, and material mixing. An ideal discontinuous two-dimensional gas cylinder is created by the soap film technique in experiments, and the shocked flow is captured by schlieren photography combined with a high-speed video camera. The surface of the gas cylinder is clear enough to observe the shock motions, and the distinct interface boundaries allow us to extract more details. As aspect ratio varies, the shock focusing process is quite different. For the prolate gas cylinder, an inward jet is produced although an internal shock focusing firstly occurs. The inward jet has never been observed in membraneless prolate ellipse experiments probably because the inward jet is so faint due to less vorticity generation on membraneless interface that it is difficult to be observed. For the oblate gas cylinder, a secondary vortex pair, which has not been described clearly in previous work, is derived from the downstream interface. The material lines at early stages are extracted from experiments, which grow faster as aspect ratio increases. The interfacial area, the mean volume fraction and the mixing rate are presented from computations, and the results show that the increase of aspect ratio promotes the mixing between gases.


Shock-cylinder interaction Jet Aspect ratio 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 11772329 and U1530103) and the Science Challenge Project (Grant TZ2016001).


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Modern MechanicsUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiChina

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