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Der Pneumologe

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 191–196 | Cite as

Maßnahmen zur Tabakprävention

  • R. HanewinkelEmail author
  • B. Isensee
  • M. Morgenstern
Leitthema
  • 374 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Es werden systematische Übersichtsarbeiten zur verhaltensorientierten Tabakprävention dargestellt und diskutiert. Diese umfassen einerseits Maßnahmen zur Primärprävention des Rauchens, andererseits Maßnahmen zur Tabakentwöhnung, die der Sekundärprävention zugeordnet werden können. Es zeigen sich positive Effekte primärpräventiver Maßnahmen in den Settings Schule, Familie und Gemeinde, aber auch massenmediale Kampagnen können präventiv wirksam sein. Zur Tabakentwöhnung stehen dem entwöhnungswilligen Patienten eine Reihe evidenzbasierter Verfahren zur Verfügung. Den allermeisten Raucherinnen und Rauchern gelingt der Rauchausstieg ohne professionelle Hilfe. Die Motivation zum Rauchstopp kann nachhaltig in der ärztlichen Routine mit Hilfe von Kurzinterventionen gefördert werden.

Schlüsselwörter

Präventivmedizin Sozialmedizin Öffentliches Gesundheitswesen Massenmedien Rauchentwöhnung 

Tobacco prevention measures

Abstract

Systematic reviews on behavioral smoking prevention measures are presented and discussed. These include primary and secondary prevention measures. Primary prevention measures which are school-based, family-based, or community-based interventions as well mass media campaigns can be successful. There are a number of evidence-based cessation techniques available for patients already motivated to quit smoking. The majority of smokers quit on their own. The motivation to stop smoking can be sustainably supported in medical routine with the help of brief interventions.

Keywords

Preventative medicine Social medicine Public health Mass media Smoking cessation 

Notes

Interessenkonflikt

Der korrespondierende Autor gibt für sich und seine Koautoren an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Therapie- und Gesundheitsforschung, IFT-NordKielDeutschland

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