A facile strategy to integrate robust porous aluminum foil into microfluidic chip for sorting particles
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High efficiency integration of functional microdevices into microchips is crucial for broad microfluidic applications. Here, a device-insertion and pressure sealing method was proposed to integrate robust porous aluminum foil into a microchannel for microchip functionalization which demonstrate the advantage of high efficient foil microfabrication and facile integration into the microfluidic chip. The porous aluminum foil with large area (10 × 10 mm2) was realized by one-step femtosecond laser perforating technique within few minutes and its pores size could be precisely controlled from 3 μm to millimeter scale by adjusting the laser pulse energy and pulse number. To verify the versatility and flexibility of this method, two kinds of different microchips were designed and fabricated. The vertical-sieve 3D microfluidic chip can separate silicon dioxide (SiO2) microspheres of two different sizes (20 and 5 μm), whereas the complex stacking multilayered structures (sandwich-like) microfluidic chip can be used to sort three different kinds of SiO2 particles (20, 10 and 5 μm) with ultrahigh separation efficiency of more than 92%. Furthermore, these robust filters can be reused via cleaning by backflow (mild clogging) or disassembling (heavy clogging).
Supplementary material 1 (WMV 4723 kb)
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