Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 307–316 | Cite as

Aqueous droplet manipulation by optically induced Marangoni circulation

Research Paper


The manipulation of picoliter droplets is demonstrated using optically induced microscale circulatory flows. The circulation results from Marangoni effects induced by optical heating from light patterns created by a computer projector. Manipulation of single droplets and parallel manipulation of multiple droplets are achieved with induced forces of up to 1 nN and an average resolution of 146.5 μm.


Marangoni force Thermocapillary flow Droplet manipulation 



This project is funding in part by the National Science Foundation, grant number EEC09-26632. The authors would like to thank Dr. Yi Zuo for assistance with surface tension measurements.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of Hawaii at ManoaHonoluluUSA

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