Pressure-sensitive molecular film for investigation of micro gas flows
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For the development of micro- and nano-technology, it has been strongly desired to understand thermo-fluid phenomena inside or around micro- and nano-devices. An optical measurement technique based on the absorption and the emission of photons by molecules is useful for experimental analyses of thermo-fluid phenomena of micro and nanoflows. The pressure-sensitive paint (PSP) technique is a potential diagnostic tool for pressure measurements of micro/nano gas flows because it works as a so-called “molecular sensor”. However, the micro-scale measurement of PSP has been limited by the aggregation of the luminescent molecules and their thick film due to the use of a polymer binder. In our previous work, we adopted the Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) technique to fabricate pressure-sensitive molecular film (PSMF) with ordered molecular assemblies, and investigated properties of PSMF. In this study, a novel approach to enhance the luminescent intensity of PSMF is proposed, and the pressure distribution in a micro-nozzle is successfully measured by using PSMF. Moreover, we compared the pressure distribution measured by PSMF with that numerically analyzed by the direct simulation monte carlo (DSMC) method, showing good agreement with each other.
KeywordsMicro gas flow Flow visualization Pressure-sensitive molecular film Pressure-sensitive paint
This work was partially supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research of the MEXT and JSPS.
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