Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 559–571

Pressure sensor positioning in an electrokinetic microrheometer device: simulations of shear-thinning liquid flows

Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10404-010-0573-8

Cite this article as:
Craven, T.J., Rees, J.M. & Zimmerman, W.B. Microfluid Nanofluid (2010) 9: 559. doi:10.1007/s10404-010-0573-8

Abstract

A novel design for a microrheometer is simulated and tested using finite element modeling techniques. Non-Newtonian fluid obeying the Carreau viscosity model is driven through a microchannel T-junction using electro-osmosis. A range of shear rates, and hence viscosities, is produced as the fluid is forced to turn the corner of the T-junction. Thus, the design has the potential to enable the constitutive viscous parameters to be determined from a single microfluidic experiment. Three-dimensional simulations are performed for a broad range of Carreau constitutive parameters. The pressure fields on the microchannel walls, floor, and ceiling are shown to be sensitive to the Carreau parameters that determine the fluid’s shear-thinning behavior. The fluid dynamics theory and numerical results described in this article pave the way for a detailed analysis of the corresponding inverse problem, that is, to determine the values of the Carreau constitutive parameters from the pressure field measured by optimal positioning of cheap piezo electric pressure transducers embedded into the inner surface of the microchannel network.

Keywords

Microfluidics Rheometry Non-Newtonian Electrokinetic flow Computational fluid dynamics 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Process EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Department of Applied MathematicsUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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