Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 425–442 | Cite as

Methods for probing water at the nanoscale

  • Jason Knowles HoltEmail author


A review of selected experimental and modeling techniques that have been applied to study water structure and dynamics will be presented. Many of these techniques provide atomic and molecular level detail about water and are thus relevant to nanofluidics. Given the wealth of simulations and recent experimental reports on water confinement in carbon nanotubes, many of the examples provided will focus on this unique system. Finally, some perspectives on the picture of water that has emerged from these various studies will be offered.


Carbon nanotubes Nanofluidics Water structure Flow simulations 



This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. This work was supported in part by a Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Award from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.


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© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemical Sciences Division, L-231Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryLivermoreUSA

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