Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 145–174 | Cite as

Recent advances in microscale pumping technologies: a review and evaluation



Micropumping has emerged as a critical research area for many electronics and biological applications. A significant driving force underlying this research has been the integration of pumping mechanisms in micro total analysis systems and other multi-functional analysis techniques. Uses in electronics packaging and micromixing and microdosing systems have also capitalized on novel pumping concepts. The present work builds upon a number of existing reviews of micropumping strategies by focusing on the large body of micropump advances reported in the very recent literature. Critical selection criteria are included for pumps and valves to aid in determining the pumping mechanism that is most appropriate for a given application. Important limitations or incompatibilities are also addressed. Quantitative comparisons are provided in graphical and tabular forms.


Micropump Microfluidic Fluid delivery Electronics cooling Biofluid 



The authors acknowledge financial support for this work from members of the Cooling Technologies Research Center (http://www.ecn.purdue.edu/CTRC), a National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center at Purdue University.


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© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NSF Cooling Technologies Research Center, School of Mechanical Engineering and Birck Nanotechnology CenterPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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