pp 1–11 | Cite as

Incorporating Health Outcomes into Land-Use Planning

  • Max McClure
  • Catherine Machalaba
  • Carlos Zambrana-Torrelio
  • Yasha Feferholtz
  • Katherine D. Lee
  • Peter Daszak
  • the Future Earth oneHEALTH Global Research Project
  • William B. KareshEmail author
Original Contribution


The global trend toward increased agricultural production puts pressure on undeveloped areas, raising the question of how to optimally allocate land. Land-use change has recently been linked to a number of human health outcomes, but these are not routinely considered in land-use decision making. We review examples of planners’ currently used strategies to evaluate land use and present a conceptual model of optimal land use that incorporates health outcomes. We then present a framework for evaluating the health outcomes of land-use scenarios that can be used by decision makers in an integrated approach to land-use planning.


Land-use/land-cover change Health outcomes Land sharing Land sparing Disease ecology Ecosystem services 



This work was supported by Future Earth and the USAID RDMA Infectious Disease Emergence and Economics of Altered Landscapes (IDEEAL) project.


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Copyright information

© EcoHealth Alliance 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max McClure
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Catherine Machalaba
    • 1
    • 2
  • Carlos Zambrana-Torrelio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yasha Feferholtz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Katherine D. Lee
    • 1
    • 4
  • Peter Daszak
    • 1
    • 2
  • the Future Earth oneHEALTH Global Research Project
    • 2
  • William B. Karesh
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.EcoHealth AllianceNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Future Earth oneHEALTH International Project OfficeNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and SurgeonsNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.University of IdahoMoscowUSA

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